Where I live in Florida, they grow vigorously through spring and summer and into the fall, die back and eventually freeze down in the winter. Would it be able to grow properly in the zone I live in? The arrangement is variable and may be alternately or oppositely arranged or borne in whorls. I would not worry a bit. I have had the exact same problem with chayote – I’m not sure what is going on with them. Cinnamon vine is another commonly used name for Dioscorea polystachya. Yams are only rarely grown from seeds except for breeding purposes – and if you live in the US, you’re unlikely to have a long enough warm season or proper light cycles for them to even bloom. So you are saying that the air potatoes , the little things that look like miniature irish potatoes are not edible ? Check out my video on propagating yams here: Yams need something to climb – they’re vigorous vines and will happily shoot to the top of a tree if given half a chance. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It also looks like cinnamon vines will be making it as a perennial. Vines are either woody or herbaceous plants that climb or sprawl. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Reply. Sweet potatoes are in the Ipomoea family, whereas yams are in the completely different Dioscorea family. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 240732 ) with original publication details: Bull. I’ve grown yams on fences, on trellises, on an unused clothesline and even on a pollarded sweetgum tree I used as a living trellis. As the growing season progresses, they start making their bulbils (if they’re a yam that does that) which mature in the fall. […] 2 Blocks, 17 Edibles Purple Ube Yams How To Protect Moringa Trees From Frost –… How To Grow Yams The Edible Blue Mushroom: Lactarius Indigo How Long Does it Take An Avocado To… Velvet […]. I know it lives in 9. It is a spooky sight seeing a fields of very high rickety looking bamboo poles to support the yam vines, cemetery like look. It is interesting to see you grow yam in this part of the world. For the benefit of other visitors to these pages, I will list any relevant comments you leave, and if appropriate, I will update my page to correct mis-information. How can you NOT love roots that look like this?! You are saying that the Bulbifera variety has both edible and non-edible varieties? No relation! Tempest in a Teapot Meets Jack Broccoli; Plus, Rain! I think more research on those would be valuable. The Marvels of the Rainforest: Cecropia, Insects and... Q & A on Growing True Yams and Edible Air Potatoes | The Survival Gardener, How To Find Rare Edible Plants | The Survival Gardener, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540105.2019.1674786, A Look at the Fruit Trees I Planted Six Years Ago in Georgia. David: I live in coastal Mobile, AL, zone 8b and I planted “purple yam” last year that I purchased at a local oriental food market. Yeah, I don’t get it either. Let’s start first with how to propagate yams. It now ranges from Vermont south to … If I am not mistaken your friend, Grower Jim, sells a Bulbifera variety that looks like a space rock that is supposedly edible. 1. be careful buying seeds for yams. Link here: http://www.ebay.com/itm/252244647247. Gregg – please take photos and send them so I can post! I haven’t tried freezing them – thanks for the tip. Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Firstly, the correct name for this plant is Dioscorea polystachya. Nitrogen Fixer: No Thanks. Share. Dioscorea polystachya Turez. Now I’m going to cover growing yams and propagation here, so you, the cheapskate internet reader, can benefit from my research without buying my book. I left some in a plastic bag once and they did just that, so I ended up chopping them up and planting them instead of putting them on the table for dinner. About 3′ apart for yams, maybe 2′ for malanga. Some species are grown JUST for their bulbils, such as the rare edible forms of Dioscorea bulbifera: Those can be cooked and consumed like potatoes and the main root stays in the ground, sending up vines and new harvests of aerial roots year after year. References [] Primary references []. Another method I haven’t read much about is starting yams from cuttings. “contains many chemical components, such as mannan, allantoin, saponins, dopamine, batatasine, phytic acid, amino acids, glucoprotein, choline, ergosterol, campesterol and so on” Dioscorea polystachya in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Established populations of Chinese yam have not been found in Canada. The best place to keep yams is right in the ground, then you can dig and eat them as needed. …well, let’s just say there are a LOT of yams. Definitely want to see it. Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. (November), or should I just leave them In the house till spring. Soc. Foliage The leaves are alternate proximally but can become opposite as they advance up the vine. I need to find out what the deal is. Excellent article. Turczaninow, N.S., 1837. Yams keep pretty well on the counter. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. David, if I have a ton of Alata bulbils I collected in the fall, how should I store them till spring? Axillary clusters of small, white fragrant flowers with cinnamon fragrance in mid to late summer. If you don’t have bulbils, you need to make “minisetts.” All that requires is a good yam root, a knife, and perhaps some ashes to ward off potential soil pests. ... Chinese Yam (Dioscorea polystachya) About Chinese Yam. If you have a great big root, you can actually break or cut pieces off of it and the cuts will dry up pretty well without ruining the rest of the root. Most people confuse yams with sweet potatoes but they are not the same crop at all. M.S. I leave in Florida and have been trying to grow yam for a while. Maybe interview a chayote farmer. That’s the most common “air potato.” They have a cousin that grows in the same region, Dioscorea alata, which has edible bulbils, though they’re usually too small to bother with. Invasive.org is a joint project of University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA Forest Service, USDA Identification Technology Program, and USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture alata Asia Throughout Yes Square stem, twines to the right Zanzibar yam Dioscorea. Second, I’d like to ask, “Would you be willing to part with a few aerial tubers of your purple ube Dioscorea alata?” I’ve been searching local stores and nurseries for the “real deal” for quite some time, now. I am just confused and this is my 3rd trial. Here’s my video on that really cool species: Yams don’t need a care or watering to stay alive, though taking care of them will raise your yields and reduce the time needed until harvest. What is your take on this? Thanks again. Do you happen to recognize this yam and can you tell me if it will grow and survive in USDA zone 8b? We did have a rather cold winter this year with a few nights dipping down into the high teens. Last year, I had a little success and enjoyed some. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae ). Chinese Yam is a Vine. The root above, however, is Dioscorea alata and those are always edible. It usually lasts a few minutes. I have probably lost 20 or so vines in 2 years. Hi David, I am trying to find out if the LEAVES of the purple yam Dioscorea Alata are toxic. I plant mine just under the surface of the soil near something – anything! I pulled this one from beneath a tree in some crummy sand and clay in Summerfield, Florida when I was out wild foraging: Speaking of wild foraging, the invasive Dioscorea bulbifera or “air potato” can be found all over the place but it’s not safe to eat. Thanks. Good Morning David: Please clear something up for me. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). I figured it would be about time for the vines to appear since the Eddoes are sprouting up all along the fence lines where I also planted the “purple yam”. It’s no secret that I love yams. Colder than that, though, I would grow Dioscorea polystachya. Once they are peeled, chop them up and cook until fork-tender. Chinese Yam escaped cultivation in the mid-1990s. 2020. I am looking on the web and cannot find much information much less which USDA zone these will live in. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae ). E. Chinese yam. I had told you earlier in the year in a post above that I thought the cold snap had killed them off. @2017 - PenciDesign. Dioscorea polystachya or Chinese yam (Chinese: 山 药), also called cinnamon-vine, is a species of flowering plant in the yam family.It is sometimes called Chinese potato or by its Japanese name nagaimo.. The edible tubers are cultivated largely in Asia and sometimes used in alternative medicine. My first impression of this plant was, “what is this flying mini potato?That made it somewhat easy to identify as an air potato, … Nutrition: Low – mostly just carbohydrates Wash them well, then wear gloves as you peel them. I planted about a half-dozen in Florida one year and was lucky enough to get two survivors. Send photos! It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States. The Hidden Danger of Straw Bale Gardening No... Grow or Die: The Good Guide to Survival Gardening, Wild Edible Chinese Yams in North Carolina. Dioscorea polystachya, Cinnamon Vine, Chinese Yam. Some of them do but many do not. The name Dioscorea oppositifolia L. has been used for this species, but that name correctly refers to a plant that is native to India and not found in New England (Raz 2002). The plant is not self-fertile. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. #inpursuitofinvasives . Yam Trellis Systems: Grow ’em high from Florida... 7 Survival Crops You Can Grow Without Irrigation. Yams also make wonderful roots for the crockpot and really good French fries. !, seen you harvest purple yam and yams makes me feel as though I was back home in Jamaica! Dioscorea spp. I would like to plant them so the vines can grow up the chain link fencing around my chicken yard. Thanks!! The skin’s all wrong. I bought a small chunk from the Asian market and it ended up sprouting up a super long purple vine. You’re welcome. Do you have an idea why this may not be growing or does it mean that the yam seed is bad? Yes, that is correct. Way easier, though not as good in salsa. Fixing the roof is more important, but my mom wrote to ask me if it will tolerate water saturated soil or if they need to just dig it up and eat it. They love yams there too! Yams don’t root all that easily out of the vine and they always want to go up, up, up. bulbifera.) Designed and Developed by PenciDesign. Warty round bulbils grow in the leaf axis from which new plants are formed. Taste: Very good Come on, folks! Chinese Yam, Cinnamon Vine, Dioscorea oppositifolia L. Threat Level Category; Established: Vine: Similar Species ... Air-potato and Chinese yam grow rapidly and occur on open to semi-shady sites. If you have bulbils or minisetts available, plant them in fall, winter or early spring. I am considering buying some more “purple yam” off of Ebay and trying it again but it is expensive on Ebay. Plant … But, I’d be willing to buy them from you and pay for postage and packing materials, as well!! D. polystachya is the one growing in North America. I’m sorry it rotted out – the cold was probably too much for it. Folks spend all their time trying to learn how to grow tomatoes; instead, they should give up and learn how to grow yams! Hey David another quick question. The elongated tuber grows 2-3 feet long and can be eaten raw or cooked. Is there another way to tell the difference between a ube yam and a purple sweet potato? A combination of cold and rain likely did it in. Check this out: I don’t know what that tastes like but I want to eat it. Appearance Dioscorea polystachya is an invasive herbaceous, twining vine that grows to about 16.4 ft. (5 m). Growing Raspberries and Blackberries in Florida. The vines came up and looked gorgeous until the frost nipped them back in December. In some ways Yam C (Dioscorea polystachya) resembles both Yam A and Yam B (Dioscorea alata, D. 1. The roots on those are much better. If you watch the folks on YouTube or read articles by folks in the New Orleans area they make it look as simple as dropping them on the ground, walking away and then coming back in a few months to a monstrosity of a vine laden with chayotes. It’s really inspiring to witness!! The yams I grew in great garden soil with lots of compost and water made big roots in their first year; the ones I grow without any care whatsoever generally took two years to make big roots. I would also hunt for them in oriental markets. Dioscorea polystachya Turez. If this at all interests you, would you please email me? Would like to hear your 2 cents on this. Should I just plant them now? sansibarensis Africa Collier and Miami-Dade counties, rare Yes Leaf margins 3-5 lobed, leaf apex caudate (extending in a slender tail-like appendage) Chinese yam Dioscorea polystachya India Alachua Co., rare Yes Leaf margins 3 lobed, apex acute Unfortunately they had a direct hit from Hurricane Michael Michael​. Well, I foolishly ignored your advice and tried to pull off D. Alata in my zone 6 Illinois garden. These vines grow two types of edible tubers, small aerial tubers grow where the leaves attach to the stem and a larger tap-root type tuber grows at the base of the plant. Take care down in the tropics my Green Thumbed Friend. Hello I live in London England after bringing some bits of yam back from China last year they are growing well and this week I dug up my first ones to eat it was wonderful. Would I do better to start them in a pot and put them underneath a tree to climb up or just put them in the ground under the tree? This is my top survival root for tropical and subtropical regions. I have started them via cuttings, but that doesn’t help the root development. I also really like them shredded with a cheese grater and fried into hashbrowns – you just have to be careful, though, as some varieties are high in oxalic acid and can scratch your throat. Probably not easily, but you might be able to keep it alive by planting right up against the south-facing wall of your house and mulching it over the winter. Skin irritation from handling the uncooked tubers; irritation and burning of the mouth, lips, tongue and throat. The shiny green heart shaped leaves hang on vines that twine rapidly to 20'. Method of preparation: Baked, fried, stewed Go figure…if you come across some sort of chayote growing miracle process then please keep me informed and I will be sure to do the same. I am going to order another bulbil from Jim around the winter holidays and hopefully have better success this year. All Right Reserved. Cut your yam root into chunks about the size of a peach, dip them in ashes, then plant them. Okay…thanks David. Yams have a growing season and a dormant season. They do well in the freezer. there is someone selling seeds for yams on etsy saying they are “mountain yams” they listed it as Dioscorea hamiltonii. I don’t want them to dry up, or rot! Prune to the ground in spring. I was wondering whether “layering” techniques can be applied to the yam vine to increase root tuber, such as you would with a sprawling sweet potato vine? PlantLinks to other web pages about Dioscorea polystachya I welcome comments about my web pages; feel free to use the form below to leave feedback about this particular page. Here’s how Rachel prepares yams and adds them to stew: There’s also a yam dessert made from the purple ube yam (a variant of Dioscorea alata) I hope to make soon. Chinese Yam (Dioscorea polystachya) is a beautiful perennial vine with shiny heart shaped leaves and strongly cinnamon scented flowers. Dioscorea polystachya is native to China and wasoriginally introduced into North America as an ornamental vine, as food, and for medicinal purposes. Dioscorea polystachya aka Yam Berry aka Chinese Yam aka Mountain Potato . SYNONYMS: for Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Naturalistes Moscou 7: 158 1837 . Ease of growing: Very easy Growing yams is easy and the roots taste great. So maybe layering it a little before then allowing it to climb the pole. I cover yams in Totally Crazy Easy Florida Gardening with great enthusiasm – and they also get a good mention in Grow or Die: The Good Guide to Survival Gardening. Regardless, the accepted name for now for the Chinese Yam is Dioscorea polystachya. Imp. The ubes usually are rougher, with almost an elephant skin type of look to them. Storability: Excellent in ground, good on the counter Chinese yam is found in many habitats including forests, ravines, mountain slopes, along rivers and in disturbed areas. D. oppositifolia is called by some websites D. batata. Type: Vining perennial I don’t know if give you as big of a harvest the first year if you start them from cuttings, but I do know they’ll root. It is moderately threatening native plant communities. By Mangy White Bushman. Common Names. Also, if it’s really wet, the roots will rot even in the tropics. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Waste places, compost heaps, fields. I don’t have any trellis or fences for them to climb. will be used when information applies to the entire genus. Reply. Dioscorea polystachya. I have a name yam which I am going plant using the miniset method you showed. Caspar May 10, 2019 - 8:37 pm. Kansas Native Plants • Plant Guide Guide to Plants of Kansas, native & alien. • CT, MA, VT. Name: Yams, Chinese yams, ube, name, etc. -DTG. It is a perennial climbing vine, native to China and East Asia. More on the amazing edible Dioscorea bulbifera here: Another yam, the cold-tolerant Chinese yam (Dioscorea opposita) can be grown for both its large underground roots and its tiny little edible bulbils. Dioscorea. ... this species may be considered for use under specific management practices that have been approved by the IFAS Invasive Plant Working Group. I bought a generically named nyame blanco (ny being my phonetic longhand for the Spanish “N with a ~ over it,” which I can’t type on my phone)–white yam– at a Puerto Rican market in Chicago and gave it to my parents in the FL panhandle. Once you know how to grow yams, you’ll be eating ’em all the time. Thanks in advance for your time and consideration. Thanks for stopping by. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Hi, The tubers grow as long as three feet and may be left in the ground for several seasons without losing quality. Well, I foolishly ignored your advice and tried to pull off D. Alata in my zone 6 Illinois garden. Any response, especially if it’s in the affirmative, would be greatly appreciated! characteristics of Dioscorea oppositifolia, an invasive plant species in southern Illinois. N.C. What’s been claimed to be this particular form has always been some other mislabeled tuber. I put a bunch of yams into a big pot full of dirt, then I transplanted the ones that sprouted into my gardens and food forest, resulting in this pile of roots: Not all of your yam minisetts will grow; however, most will root and give you some yields. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540105.2019.1674786, https://www.etsy.com/listing/548940446/10-rarely-produced-seeds-mountain-yam?ref=yr_purchases, oh and I think they are lying about where they are shipping from and it’s coming from china….shame shame, adding to the above…oh and they have a listing on ebay saying they are selling purple yam seeds…the listing says this is what your plants will look like. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Latin Name: Dioscorea spp. I had good luck rooting yam cuttings in a mist house last year. It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States. These sprout well and vine out great for a few weeks and then all of the sudden look they just peter-out and die…sort of just wither away. Thanks for the good job. Origin and Distribution It has spread from Lousianna to Vermont and can form dense masses of vines that cover and kill native vegetation, including trees, within a variety of moist, disturbed habitats. You can find winged yams growing wild in the South occasionally, with no gardener in the picture. Dioscorea batatas is a PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). Here’s how to tell the difference: Since yams are a perennial crop, you can simply plant them one year and then dig them a year or three later when you’re hungry. These vine borers take out summer squash here almost at a 100% rate. Soc. Chinese yam (Dioscorea polystachya or Dioscorea batatas) is an ornamental vine that is native to Asia. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. They’re really tropical. Most wild strains will mess you up and there’s no safe way to figure out which, if any, you can eat. Since chickens will eat just about anything, I need to make sure I don’t plant anything within their reach will make them sick. It is a tuberous perennial vine that can grow to 11 feet or more and has long-stalked, glossy green heart-shaped leaves. Imp. I purchased 1 of these last year but it never sprouted. . they used the same picture for the chinese yams as for the purple yams lol 56 sold….sad. It is a perennial herbaceous vine with a thick and spindle-shaped or cylindrical underground tuber. […] Does it Take An Avocado To… 4 Simple Ways to Get Rid of St…. Plant database entry for Chinese Yam (Dioscorea polystachya) with 10 images, one comment, and 17 data details. I still have about 100lbs left on the back porch. !, love what you’re doing keep up the good job!, PS how can I get some of that buibell from you so I could plant in my garden here in Cleveland I live in Ohio but I am trying to do my garden in raise up beds and also in hoop houses My email is dwhdwheatle01@gmail.com could you tell me how I could get some of that buibell to grow some yams thank you David ! And, my luck hasn’t been so great. Five plants that look like Marijuana: a helpful... How To Identify an Edible Bolete Mushroom. How To Grow Tobacco and Why You Should... Five Easy To ID Florida Edible Wild Mushrooms. Central & S. China to Kuril Islands and Taiwan, Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. I followed your YouTube video on how to grow, I tried everything but the yam will not germinate. The most exciting varieties are the ones that produce edible aerial tubers along with the below-ground roots. I am starting to get suspicious if they are susceptible to vine borers. Well needless to say curiosity got the best of me: I pulled on one of the dormant vines and it easily snapped off at the ground. The leaves are up to 4.5 inches long and wide and are green and heart-shaped. BOB. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Published on the internet. I am working in Papua New Guinea. Thesis, Southern Illinois University, 104pp. Propagation: Roots, bulbils, cuttings Do you if this yam forms bulbils? Here in the U.S., Dioscorea bulbifera was included in a U.S. Department of Agriculture publication on alternative cash crops in 1993, taking into consideration the toxicity of the plant as well as its edibility. How widely do you space yams and malanga? There are edible varieties of D. bulbifera in cultivation, of which Grower Jim has some, and so do I. It is in flower from September to October. You can also subscribe without commenting. It was surprising how easily yam cuttings rooted. Chinese Yam was introduced here as early as the 19th century for culinary and cultural uses and is now considered an invasive plant species in several states. Exposure: Full sun/part shade Another item that is doing well are the Eddoes along one of my filtered shaded fence rows. Ebay is a good source for various yams. The air potato might be a type of wild yam, but that doesn’t mean you can eat the tubers of the wild, uncultivated plant. David The Good May 11, 2019 - … Today we’ll look at how to grow yams, plus this post will serve as a survival plant profile on my favorite root. Govaerts, R. et al. The Great South Florida Food Forest Project. Thanks David…now that you have confessed with struggling with chayotes I do not feel as bad. Look at these: You can bet that’s not just one year’s growth. Apparently they are a little more resilient than I thought…once it stayed in the mid 90s around here they popped up and started climbing. It’s not quite that simple. That method of cultivation sounds amazing. Excellent! Try mulching heavily when you try again. The wild Dioscorea bulbifera bulbils in Florida are considered poisonous. Thanks for sharing the ash system before planting. Yes – I’ve grown it before. My edible white and purple yams are doing well…at least the vines are growing like crazy. Many yam species have aerial “bulbils” (roots) that you can plant for the next year’s harvest. Naturalistes Moscou 7: 158 1837 . I planted some last year and all of them died. upon a little searching that type puts out a cocktail of chemicals in the tubers…maybe if that’s what you want…they use it in china a lot..but they are telling people to just use it like a potato! If you store them under moist conditions, they’ll start growing roots. They are very good in soups and stews and can also be boiled and used like mashed potatoes. Dioscorea polystachya NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Good to diversify the crops. I’ll try to cover the basics on how to grow yams, then get into some details on individual species. Learn how to grow yams and EAT LIKE A KING! Some do not. Cold-hardy: No, though roots live through freezes I cook yams just like white potatoes, though I find they cook faster and brown up nicer than potatoes will. Common Name: Chinese yam, cinnamon vine, Dioscorea oppositifolia, Dioscorea batatas Family Name: Yam (Dioscoreaceae) NJ Status: Emerging Stage 0 – Absent or very rare.
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