fil.) The genus is native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas from Argentina north to Mexico and the Caribbean. [2], Described by Carl Linnaeus in 1759, as Amaryllis reginae, it was the type species for the genus. Description The amaryllis talked about on this page are actually hippeastrum bulbous plants. You'll know this flowering houseplant as either Hippeastrum or Amaryllis. Legal Status. An Hippeastrum reginae in uska species han Liliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Herb..An Hippeastrum reginae in nahilalakip ha genus nga Hippeastrum, ngan familia nga Amaryllidaceae. Currently these subgenera are not widely used due to indistinct boundaries of some of the divisions. More recently micropropagation in vitro has been used on a commercial scale. × Hippeastrelia is the name given to this cross.[30][52][53][54]. ~San. [27] The style is filiform, and the stigma trifid. Hippeastrum … [23] The tepals are united at the base to form a short tube, usually with a rudimentary scaly paraperigonium[24] with fimbriae[25] or a callose ridge present at the throat. This name and attribution was first published by William Aiton in 1789, in his Hortus Kewensis. English. ... Common names. Linnaeus was aware in 1738 that several species were called Belladonna, but named this one Amaryllis reginae in the Systema Naturae ed. Many will bloom year after year provided they are given a dormant period in a cool, dark place for two months without water or fertilizer although some bulbs will start growing before the two-month period is up. [103], Genus of flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, This article is about a genus of South American bulbs whose cultivars are commonly sold as, (Monogr. [70], Twin scales Plants obtained from seeds take about six years to bloom. The following species were considered threatened or vulnerable by degradation of their natural habitat, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)[75] Red List of Threatened Species[76] in 1997. Missouri Bot. Hortus Camdenensis | Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. candimine)[95] and psychopharmacological activity due to their high alkaloid content. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. Hippeastrum is a genus in the family Amaryllidaceae (subfamily Amaryllidoideae, tribe Hippeastreae, and subtribe Hippeastrineae). These two species were notable for large flowers that were wide open and relatively symmetrical. Amaryllis equestris (Linn. Three main methods are used for propagating Hippeastrum: seeds, bulbils and 'twin scales'. French. 2.0 2.1; Gikan sa gawas nga tinubdan [84] The cuttings that are derived from these are grown in moist vermiculite in the dark till bulbils appear. [42] It is to this work that he refers in his Species Plantarum. Single, double, and miniature bulbs are the ones typically sold by nurseries and other stores for the holidays in December and for Valentine's Day and Easter. Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Hippeastrum, Large Flowering Amaryllis, Double Amaryllis, Cybister Amaryllis, Galaxy Amaryllis, Diamond Amaryllis, Spider Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Amaryllis bulbs (Hippeastrum) are flowers of choice to take the gray chill out of winter with their audacious, sexy tropical-looking blossoms in the dead of winter! They require warmth, frequent watering, and should not be given a dormant period. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, resulting in the common name amaryllis used for cultivars of this genus, while the generic name Amaryllis was applied to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. Seeds do not breed true. Seed multiplication may be used for the development of new cultivars or to increase the yield of native species. The perianth has six brightly colored tepals (three outer sepals and three inner petals) that may be similar in appearance or very different. Traub & Moldenke Aschamia reginae (L.) Salisb. [20] [63], Hippeastrum hybrids and cultivars are valued for their large ornamental flowers, particularly for indoor cultivation during the northern hemisphere winter. The cultivar 'Clown' (Double Galaxy Group)[93] (white with red stripes) has received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Herbert proposed to call the genus, which he distinguished from Linnaeus' Amaryllis, Hippeastrum, or "knight's-star-lily". Seeds are generally sown in early summer in seedbeds, and then transplanted to larger containers. Accepted name Mexican lily Plantae ... Common Names. [67][68] Furthermore, the plant generally releases its pollen about two days before its stigma is receptive, making cross-pollination more likely. There are also epiphytic species such as Hippeastrum aulicum, Hippeastrum calyptratum, Hippeastrum papilio and Hippeastrum arboricola, which require air circulation around their roots,[35] which are in the subgenus Omphalissa. Pagka karon wala pay siak nga nalista ubos niini niya. Amaryllis is the common name for these plants, however, it is also the genus for another type of bulb from the same family (Amaryllidaceae) native to South Africa. Les liliacées. [67] Pollinators include Humming birds in subtropical areas, and moths.[30]. Hippeastrum reginae Name Synonyms Amaryllis albertii Lem. In 1803 John Sims claimed Curtis had made a mistake in this attribution, and that; "this name was given from the remarkable likeness the front view of it has to a star of some of the orders of knight-hood; an appearance well expressed by JACQUIN's figure in the Hortus Schoenbrunnensis"[33][34], Despite much speculation, there is no definitive explanation of either Linnaeus fils or Herbert's thinking. (Asteraceae- Compositae) Blanket Flower. 'Dutch Amaryllis', 'South African Amarylllis'. Bot. [70][71][72][73] A fungal disease attacking Hippeastrum is Stagonospora curtisii (red blotch, red leaf spot or red fire). Database with pictures, just click this link ! Hippéastre de la Reine, Amaryllis de la Reine. In order to preserve the widespread usage of both Hippeastrum and Leopoldia, Fabio Garbari and Werner Greuter proposed in 1970 that Herbert's Hippeastrum and Parlatore's Leopoldia should be conserved and Herbert's Leopoldia rejected. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a … Johnson's amaryllis is another name for this bulb, in honor of the hybridizer and English watchmaker, Mr. Johnson. [56] Baker both reduced the original number of species of Herbert, but also enlarged the genus by adding in other genera such as Habranthus, Phycella, Rhodophiala and Rhodolirion (also called Rhodolirium, and subsequently moved to Rhodophilia),[57] which he included as separate sections of Hippeastrum. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. [52] The genus is thought to have originated in Brazil where at least 34 of the species have been found. (syn. Best results are obtained by transplanting every three to four years.[51][70][72][92]. [40] Clifford's herbarium is now preserved at the Natural History Museum in London. [49][50][51], While interspecific hybrids of Hippeastrum are relatively common, hybridization with other genera of Amaryllidaceae are more rare. [36], Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used. [52], In 1946, two Dutch growers moved to South Africa and began cultivation there. [35] The Latin word equestris (of a knight, or horseman) may have been confused with equi (of a horse), or possibly Herbert was making a literary knight's move on the Linnaean term. The reduced size of the inner head and shoulders image symbolizes the diminution in a person caused by Huntington's disease. Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. The largest bulbs measure 14 to 16 inches (36 to 41 cm) in circumference and will produce three or more scapes (flower stems) with four or more blooms each. Summering outdoors in four or five hours of direct sunlight, plus fertilizing lightly as the season progresses, will help develop buds for the next year. [28][96] One alkaloid isolated from Hippeastrum vittatum (montanine) has demonstrated antidepressant, anticonvulsant and anxiolytic properties. Although many names are used to describe hybrids and cultivars, e.g. The commonest bulbs measure ​10 1⁄2 to ​12 1⁄2 inches (27 to 32 cm) with two scapes with four to six flowers each depending on the cultivar. [18] The name Hippeastrum, given to it by William Herbert, means "knight's star", although precisely what Herbert meant by the name is not certain. In 1878 he described nine sections of the genus,[55] but by 1888 he included seven subgenera, namely (number of species in parentheses) Habranthus (10), Phycella (3), Rhodophiala (5), Macropododastrum (1), Omphalissa (6), Aschamia (10) and Lais (3), some of which have since been treated as separate genera (Habranthus, Rhodophiala). Hippeastrum reginae (HPSRG) Menu. [2] [3] Inga underarter finns listade i Catalogue of Life. Herbert's fourteen species included this Hippeastrum equestre. It was transferred to Hippeastrum by William Herbert. [78], The bulb is tender and should not be exposed to frost, but is otherwise easy to grow with large rewards for small efforts, especially those that bloom inside during the winter months. Some species are found as far north as Mexico and the West Indies. Hippeastrum reginae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Dates / Origin Date Issued: 1805 - 1816 Place: Paris Publisher: Chez l'Auteur, Impr. Some flowers have uniform colors or patterns on all six petals while others have more pronounced colors on the upper petals than on the lower ones.[90][78]. When foliage starts to yellow, dormancy can be induced by withholding water and placing the plant in a cool 4–13 °C (39–55 °F) dark place for six to ten weeks or until buds start to show. Although this does not guarantee genetic diversity in natural populations, it is widely used by colonising species. Pearce brought back specimens of Hippeastrum leopoldii and Hippeastrum pardinum from the Andes. Reginae Reticulatum var. In 1819 Herbert had proposed Leopoldia as a nomen provisorium (provisional name)[13] for the same taxon as he called Hippeastrum in 1821. The larger the bulb, the more flowers it will produce. For more multimedia, look at Hippeastrum reginae on Wikimedia Commons . 2.0 2.1; Mga sumpay ha gawas Les liliacées. 1802-1815),, Articles with empty sections from April 2014, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 19:30. His hybrid was being cultivated in the US by the mid-nineteenth century. Description. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. Common name: Hippeastrums, amaryllis, hippies Botanic name: Hippeastrum cultivars Description: Bold trumpet-shaped flowers appear in late spring to summer on hollow stems 40cm to 50cm (18-22″) tall. [70], Of the commercially available Hippeastrum species, sometimes sold as 'exotic' amaryllis, Hippeastrum cybister has extremely thin petals often described as spider-like. [64], Species are generally diploid with 2n=22 chromosomes, but some species, such as Hippeastrum iguazuanum, have 24. [65] The genus has a degree of interspecies intercompatibility allowing crossing. Mexican Lily (Hippeastrum reginae) in the Amaryllis Database - New and Unread Tree-Mails The androecium consists of six stamens with filiform (thread like) filaments, which are fasciculate (in close bundles) and declinate or ascendent. The plant's leaves should continue to grow after the flowers have faded. A number of subgenera have been proposed over the years. H. petiolatum is a sterile triploid that reproduces asexually, producing many bulbils around the mother bulb. By the early nineteenth century Amaryllis had become a polymorphic (diverse) genus with about 50 species from what we would consider a dozen genera today, and attempts were made to separate it into different genera. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. Bulbs from the South African growers usually put up a scape and leaves at the same time (synanthous). [78], Intense cultivation of a number of species, particularly from Brazil, Bolivia and Peru, has occurred because of the appearance and size of the flowers, resulting in many hybrids and cultivars. (Amaryllis belladonna)", "Getting your Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) to Bloom", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "On the culture of the Guernsey Lily, and other bulbs of the genera, "An enumeration and classification of the species of, "Descriptions of New Genera and Species of Plants Collected on the Mulford Biologial Exploration of the Amazon Valley, 1921–1922", "Influence of bulb packing systems on forcing of Dutch-grown Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) as flowering potted plants in North America", "Various Cutting Methods For the Propagation of, "Anxiolytic-, antidepressant- and anticonvulsant-like effects of the alkaloid montanine isolated from, "Systematics of Amaryllidaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid sequence data", "Phylogeny of the American Amaryllidaceae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences", "Tilting at windmills: 20 years of Hippeastrum breeding", "A review of medicinal plant research at the University of the West Indies, Jamaica, 1948–2001", UNIVERSITATEA DE ŞTIINŢE AGRONOMICE ŞI MEDICINĂ VETERINARĂ, "Effects of light on the propagation and growth of bulbs of, "Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Biosynthesis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids in Support of Their Expanding Medical Use", "Critical review of Sealy's "Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, "Hippeastrum incantator in fiecare casa (Delightful Hippeastrum in every home)", "Amaryllis and Alstroemeria: Old Crops, New Potential", "Understanding and Producing Amaryllis (Hort. More recently growing them in sunlight produce a better crop. The flowers are arranged in umbelliform inflorescences which are pauciflor or pluriflor (2-14 flowers), supported on an erect hollow scape (flower stem) which is 20–75 cm (12"–30") tall and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") in diameter with two free bracts forming a spathe which is bivalve with free leaflets at its base. The Veitch nursery dominated the commercial development of Hippeastrum leopoldii and other varieties up to the early years of the twentieth century, the best of their hybrids setting the standard for modern commercial development. Although the market is dominated by the Netherlands,[71] and South Africa,[52] other areas of production include Israel, Japan and the United States (Florida). In 1938 Johannes Cornelius Theodorus Uphof (JCT Uphof) claimed, with some evidence,[40] that the plant was in fact the South American Hippeastrum equestre (Linn. In addition, he included many new species being discovered in South America, particularly Chile. Nurseries may list Amaryllis bulbs as being 'Dutch', 'Israeli', 'Peruvian' etc., depending on the country of origin. also has detailed information on botanic features such as leaf and flower and fruit with glossaries describing the terms. [100][101][102] The widely used logo represents a double image of a head and shoulders as the flower of a growing and vibrant plant. Plant database entry for Mexican Lily (Hippeastrum reginae) with one image and 23 data details. Ang Hippeastrum reginae sakop sa kahenera nga Hippeastrum sa kabanay nga Amaryllidaceae. ... Sites with Hippeastrum or Gardening Info. Herb. The double flowers from Japan are particularly beautiful. gave rise to H. x johnsonii hort.. H. gracilis (not a valid name) is also used.. H. 'Red Lion' most popular cut flower cultivar [52], Hippeastrum breeding began in 1799 when Arthur Johnson, a watchmaker in Prescot, England, crossed Hippeastrum reginae with Hippeastrum vitattum, obtaining hybrids that were later given the name Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii' [79] (Johnson's amaryllis, 'hardy amaryllis' or St. Joseph's lily). Herb. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, one result of which is that the common name amaryllis is mainly used for cultivars of this genus, often sold as indoor flowering bulbs particularly at Christmas in the northern hemisphere. Hippeastrum striatum striped Barbados lily Hippeastrum vittatum . [3], The second issue is whether the name should be Leopoldia. Common Name: Botanical Latin Name: Family Name Amaryllis Hippeastrum (Amaryllidaceae) Apple; Flowering Apple, Crab Apple: Malus spp. Amaryllis striata var. Other species such as Hippeastrum reticulatum are self-pollinating, reproducing by distributing seed. Traub Amaryllis spectabilis G.Lodd. Amaryllis reginae Additional title: Hippeastrum Reginae ; Amaryllis de la reine [Mexican Lily] Names Redouté, Pierre Joseph, 1759-1840 (Artist) Collection. Most Hippeastrum bulbs are tunicate (a protective dry outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases). [85], In vitro The anthers are dorsifixed or versatile. [86][87][88], Most modern cultivars lack any fragrance although 'Dancing Queen' represents an exception. [2], P.J. albertii (Lem.) Commercially, only cultivars that produce at least three bulbils on the mother bulb are used for this form of propagation. Name Language; Mexican lily: English: Propose photo. [90], Of the many hybrids, the best known are those producing flowers with red, pink, salmon, orange and white colors. Bare-root bulbs do best planted in a pot only slightly larger than the circumference of the bulb in well-drained, organic mix (such as sterilized potting soil plus coir fiber, or equal amounts of peat moss, sand and humus), with one third of the bulb visible above the surface of the soil and two thirds buried. 107), International Union for the Conservation of Nature, "What Do You Say to a Naked Lady? Debate about the true name of this plant, grown from a large sized bulb, has raged for centuries (literally) and the eventual winner was Hippeastrum. [99], A stylized flower of a Hippeastrum cultivar (under its common name of amaryllis) is used internationally as a symbol for organizations associated with Huntington's disease, a genetic degenerative disease of the nervous system. Overview . Hippeastrum angustifolium is an example of a species preferring flood areas, while other species prefer a drier habitat. [52][63][83], The late 19th and early 20th century saw Amaryllis breeding develop in the United States, particularly in Texas, California, and Florida in conjunction with the USDA (1910–1939). [2]Bildgalleri [52] Brazil also produces 17 million Hippeastrum bulbs annually. Crossing these two species with the best of the Reginae strain produced a lineage of very large open flowered specimens, with up to 4-6 flowers on each scape. [43] This was assumed to be the South African Cape Belladonna, although not precisely known. [97][98] Hippeastrum puniceum may also have therapeutic properties as it has been used in folk medicine to treat swellings and wounds. Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. Bulbs are often described by the country of origin of the bulb producers, since they may have different characteristics, e.g. Hippeastrum regium Herb. Plants grown from this method take three to four years to bloom. [66][verification needed], Some species, such as the Uruguayan Hippeastrum petiolatum, are sterile and unable to produce seeds. Variable spring or summer flowering bulbous perennial with strap-shaped leaves and up to 4 funnel-shaped, drooping, bright red flowers with a large green-white stain in the throat, the lobes to 13cm across, on a stem to 50cm long.
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