Those new rules led to lasting change. During the night, two 19-year-old women had been killed by two different grizzly bears. The last bear was killed at the Chalet; she was a sow with two cubs, and was blamed for Helgeson's death because of the presence of blood on her claws. It wasn’t until the early 1800s that stories of these larger, more powerful bears began to reach the East. Used. They began losing their natural shyness toward humans. Feeding human food to a wild animal is unhealthy for the animal. No anecdotal evidence was provided to substantiate the theory, and a 1991 study demonstrated that "[n]o bear showed appreciable interest in menstrual odors regardless of the bear's age, sex, reproductive status, or the time of year. He and other rangers had been hearing about that strange grizzly all summer. When they returned to their campsite the next morning, the grizzly was gone. The bear was emaciated and was also found to have glass in its gums. In Cheyenne legends, powerful bears tested the strength and bravery of warriors. Many park staffers were uncomfortable with this situation, as recounted in Jack Olsen’s 1969 book, “Night of the Grizzlies.” Among them were Gildart and his friend, wildlife biologist Dave Shea. Invite students to visit this website, which gives information about a variety of endangered animals. All summer they had been getting complaints about grizzlies lurking near campgrounds and threatening humans. In the days that followed, this was the question that echoed across Glacier’s forests and lakes. It can also permanently change the animal’s habits and relationship to the natural environment. But it is unusual for a grizzly to use its deadly powers on a human. In 1967, Glacier National Park, two rangers try to prevent a horrific tragedy after careless policies put man on a collision course with one of the smartest and deadliest animals on Earth. They looked over at their campsite. Some of these stories made grizzlies seem like monsters who hunted humans. By the time John and Steve were growing up in Montana, fewer than 1,000 grizzlies remained in the lower 48 states. Ducat was awakened by Helgeson, who whispered a bear was nearby and they should stay as still as possible; despite this, the bear approached them and mauled them both. Today, Glacier is a cleaner and healthier place for its 300 grizzlies—and for humans. Or the wildfires. Steve and John understood that grizzlies could be dangerous, and the boys kept their distance. There would soon be two horrific grizzly attacks at Glacier National Park. Find it in your Resources tab! By the time John and Steve were growing up in Montana, fewer than 1,000 grizzlies remained in the lower 48 states. Read the lower-Lexile version of the article together, and ask what the title “Night of the Grizzlies” refers to. Potential sources can include buying guides for Night Of The Grizzlies, rating websites, word-of-mouth testimonials, online forums, and product reviews. In Glacier National Park, at least, the lessons of the night of the grizzlies had been learned and successfully applied. Glacier had been crowded all summer. Keeping track of the two different events in this article—Steve and John’s and the two 19-year-old women’s—could be difficult for struggling readers. Each evening at a hotel called the Granite Park Chalet, workers would dump leftover food from the dining room into an outdoor pit. A few even spotted grizzly bears. They knew that grizzlies usually stayed away from humans. Students could select an endangered animal, research it further, and write a brief report. Their jaws can chomp through metal and bone. Larry M. Elkin is the founder and president of Palisades Hudson, and is based out of Palisades Hudson’s Fort Lauderdale, Florida headquarters. The night of Saturday, August 12 th, lightning lit the skies of Glacier National Park. Aggressive bears would be moved to remote parts of the park. The Core Skills Workout is a series of skill-based activities that will help your students "bulk up" in the comprehension skills they need most to become strong, analytical readers. The text was originally published in May 1969 as a three-part article for Sports Illustrated as "The Grizzly Bear Murder Case". Steve and John understood that grizzlies could be dangerous. Glacier had been packed with visitors all summer. The Core Skills Workout comes with every issue and will support your reading program no matter what your scope and sequence. Some were disgusted by this cruel event. Night of the Grizzlies (Signet) Jack Olsen. The boys weren’t grizzly experts, but something about this bear seemed unusual— and dangerous. The only truly safe place for a grizzly was in one of the area’s two national parks, Glacier and Yellowstone. A documentary of the events was first shown on PBS in May 2010.[14]. It wasn’t until the early 1800s that stories of these larger, more powerful bears began to reach the East. The only truly safe place for a grizzly was in one of the area’s two national parks, Glacier and Yellowstone. But then it started to tear apart their backpacks. Ideas about grizzlies—and humans—would never be the same. ", "Experts Ponder Causes of Attacks By Normally Shy Giant Grizzlies", "Matted blood and flesh: Rangers Kill Mauler Grizzlies", "Youths Describe Terror Of Attack By Grizzlies", "The 50-Year Legacy of Glacier's Night of the Grizzlies", "The Grizzly Bear Murder Case Part II: A night of horror", "Review: Night of the Grizzlies (Nonfiction)", "The true story of two fatal grizzly bear attacks that changed our relationship with wildlife", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Night_of_the_Grizzlies&oldid=961437133, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 221pp (First facsimile edition, paperback, 1996), This page was last edited on 8 June 2020, at 13:20. "Night of the Grizzlies" is a great tale and although written by Olsen nearly 45 years ago, is only slightly outdated. They ordered rangers to find the two grizzlies and euthanize them—kill them painlessly. They hiked several miles up to Trout Lake. The boys spent the night in a cabin. They waited until the bear was distracted by a pan of trout they had prepared for dinner. Truly, Night of the Grizzlies is the scariest thing I’ve ever read – Stephen King couldn’t come up with a better description of a bear attack. Some were the smaller and more common black bears. For years, rangers and park leaders had known trash was a problem. The bears attacked the women as they slept in their tents. Most lived in the northern wilderness of Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming. [3], Several park rangers had previously filed a report after observing on August 9 that bears were feeding on garbage generated by the Granite Park Chalet and campers; this was possibly a deliberate attempt to attract tourists,[3] as the main attraction at the Chalet were the grizzlies. Quantity available: 1. ELL students may not have prior knowledge about grizzly bears. NATIONAL PARKS ASSOCIATION (THEN); ACCENT ALASKA.COM/ALAMY STOCK PHOTO (NOW). Helgeson was camping with her boyfriend Roy Ducat approximately 1⁄4 mile (0.40 km) away from the Chalet; both Helgeson and Ducat were employed by the Glacier Park Lodge. But no amount of yelling could chase it away. [6], The first attack was reported around midnight at the Granite Park Chalet. I thought I would share, because I am unable to find it on YouTube. A skinny grizzly was devouring a loaf of their bread. One was a mother bear. Unlike black bears, which could once be found all across America, grizzlies lived only in the West. But few creatures inspired awe like the grizzly, North America’s biggest and most powerful animal. 5.1a, c; 5.3a, b; 5.5a; 5.6a, c, g, h; 5.7b, c, d, f, g; 5.9d; 5.10a, b, c, d; 5.11; 5.12a, b; 6.1a, c; 6.2a, b; 6.4a; 6.5a, c, g, h; 6.6b, c, d, f, g; 6.8d; 6.9a, b, c, d; 6.10; 6.11a, b. It had smashed their lantern and eaten all their food. That’s faster than any Olympic sprinter.Â, Invite students to browse through the article, looking at the pictures, captions, map, and sidebar. Two weeks later, they’d realize that they had been lucky to escape with their lives. Garbage pits like those at Granite Park were closed. For these bears, humans had become a source of food. Nearly all the rest were chased from the habitats where they had lived for thousands of years. Many of America’s first people came to see these bears as sacred creatures. Late Wednesday night (or early Thursday morning) Grizzlies GM/Executive Vice President of Basketball Operations Zach Kleiman spoke with media on a … On the night of August 12, 1967, grizzly bears in Glacier National Park killed two young women and severely mauled one man. Yet, the young campers proved unphased. Glacier was filled with litter. Two 14-year-old boys, Steve Ashlock and John Cook, were enjoying a fishing trip in Montana’s Glacier National Park. This past year, more than 3 million people visited Glacier. It was July 1967. He and other rangers had been hearing about that strange grizzly all summer. They felt lucky to see these amazing creatures. [3][4][5]:48 Other experts thought the bears may have mistaken the sleeping bags for food containers. [5]:55–58, As a result of the attacks, the first modern bear management policies were implemented, installing bear-proof garbage cans, separating campsite cooking areas from sleeping areas, stringing wire cables to allow campers to hang their food, and establishing a permitting process to track and limit the number of campers in the park. Grizzly bears eat almost anything, including: Write a story that a grizzly bear living in Glacier National Park could tell her cubs about how things have changed for bears in the park since 1967 and why. Although a gas-fired incinerator had been installed in 1966, it was inadequately sized, and the caretaker resumed dumping garbage in the gully behind the Chalet shortly after opening for the summer season. As a result, two women had died. In Glacier’s 57-year history, there had never been a single deadly grizzly bear attack. Back then, tens of thousands of grizzlies lived here. Jack Olsen's true account, traces the causes of the tragic night in August 1967 when two separate and unrelated campers, a distance apart, were savagely mangled and killed by enraged bears. But the rangers had bigger problems to deal with, like the wildfires that were burning in some areas of the park. Suddenly, a strange sound caught their attention. Some of these stories made grizzlies seem like monsters— mindless killers with a taste for human flesh. Hopefully there will never be … Never before had there been a deadly grizzly attack in Glacier. But then it started to tear apart their backpacks. Today, such practices are banned. [8] Two rangers shot a bear at a ranger station near Trout Lake on August 14; a postmortem examination of the stomach contents conclusively identified it as the bear that had killed Koons. Two horrific grizzly attacks would soon shatter the peaceful beauty of Glacier National Park. Although she was eventually found alive 400 feet (120 m) from their original campsite, she later died of her wounds at the Chalet. Cans of spaghetti and chili were torn apart. The other bear was in even worse shape. Rangers cleaned up the trails and campgrounds. Shop now. This bear had been seen with her two cubs at the Granite Park garbage pit. The text weaves together narrative and informational passages. Or maybe lightning had spooked the bears. TM ® & © 2020 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. The boys left Glacier with what little camping gear they could save. The article describes a night in 1967 when two grizzly bears attacked humans—and the changes that resulted from those attacks. The boys spent the night in a cabin. They told their story to the ranger on duty. One was a mother bear that had been seen with her two cubs at the Granite Park garbage pit. Grizzlies have lived in North America much longer than humans. It was the garbage in the park that had turned the grizzlies into killers. In fact, they are intelligent and shy. Night of the Grizzlies-The best selling and original book on grizzly bear attacks. I stumbled across this documentary the other day. See the Contest Page for details. Four grizzlies were also dead; the mother grizzly’s two cubs were also euthanized. Grizzlies’ claws can grow up to 4 inches. Find the audio read-aloud in your Resources tab.Â. Actually, it was the garbage that people were leaving all over the park. In total, four bears were shot and killed by Monday, August 14;[7] the first two, which had become habituated to rummage through the Granite Park Chalet trash, were killed on August 13. What John and Steve didn’t know was that Glacier was in the middle of a grizzly crisis. Glacier was filled with marvelous creatures. To the Hopi people, bears were sacred creatures with amazing powers of healing. [9]:40–41 The campground at Trout Lake "looked like a battlefield strewn with K rations", according to Olsen;[10] rangers took nearly twenty bags of garbage out of the site by helicopter a few weeks later. Want to hear this story read aloud by a Storyworks writer? Have students do a short research project on grizzly bears. But at least two were grizzlies. Neither grizzly had been surprised or threatened by people. Then they snuck to shore. A final look before the Grizzlies suit up for draft night By Drew Hill , Daily Memphian Published: November 17, 2020 9:15 PM CT ESPN college basketball analyst Jay Bilas suggested Syracuse junior Elijah Hughes, seen at right in March, as an option for the Grizzlies in the second round. They were excited for three days of camping and fishing. Featured Skill : Cause and Effect The boys recognized their lighter-colored fur and the hump between their shoulders. Some people in the park were even using garbage and leftover food as bait for grizzlies. The article mentions Native American peoples: the Cheyenne and the Hopi. The boys’ first day was perfect. Before reading the article, show the Text Features Slideshow . The other bear was in even worse shape. Want to Read. (Some suggestions: the passage in “Grizzly Show” describing the garbage pit and the passage in “Shocking News” about park workers knowing garbage was a problem and not acting). It was starving and had broken glass in its teeth. Her front paw was badly torn, likely from broken glass. Both women, Julie Helgeson, 19, of Albert Lea, Minnesota, and Michele Koons, 19, of San Diego, California, died of their injuries. [17], This article is about the book, for the unrelated 1966 movie, see, List of fatal bear attacks in North America, "Grizzlies turn killer – two girls die, youth mauled", "Night of the Grizzlies: Lessons learned in 50 years since attacks", "Rangers Theorize Lightning Caused Two Grizzlies To Attack Trio", "The Grizzly Bear Murder Case Part III: End—or beginning? Convert currency. But they weren’t frightened. Ask them to read the article a second time and discuss or write their answers to the close-reading questions and critical-thinking questions (available in your, Distribute or assign the Cause and Effect Skill Builder (available in yourÂ, Alternatively, distribute or assign the Choice Board (available in yourÂ. The night of Saturday, August 12th, lightning lit the skies of Glacier National Park. They set up their campsite and feasted on the trout they caught in the lake. [9][15][5] A 37-page prologue was added for the book. Their front paws can crack a skull. By the mid-1900s, scientists had come to understand that grizzlies were not mindless monsters. By the mid-1900s, scientists had come to understand that grizzlies were not monsters. "[11], Olsen's book examines the most plausible explanation of the unlikely dual attacks[12] since no fatal grizzly attack had ever been recorded in the park's 57-year history prior to that night. Grizzlies get their name from their brown fur, which is sometimes gray at the tips. Two 14-year-old boys, Steve Ashlock and John Cook, were enjoying a fishing trip in Montana’s Glacier National Park. Yet, the young campers proved unphased. [3][10], The book's name has become the popular name for the maulings of August 13. Guests would then crowd onto a balcony, clapping and shouting as they watched grizzlies fight over leftover hot dogs and chili. Grizzly bears in Glacier National Park killed two young women and severely mauled one man. It was what happened the next evening that filled them with terror. But at least two were grizzlies. They threw on their boots and ran. In the coming decades, as thousands of people moved out West, many killed grizzlies whenever possible. They hiked several miles up to Trout Lake, one of the glittering lakes set among Glacier’s thick forests and rugged mountains. In the U.S., grizzly bears can be found in…. In these parks, hunting wasn’t allowed and all animals were protected by law. Guests would then crowd onto a balcony. Grizzlies do have fearsome powers. Grizzlies’ claws can grow up to 4 inches long. Bears that eat human food and garbage can lose their natural fear of humans, which puts them—and humans— at risk. Have students read “How to Save a Baby Orangutan” from our October/November 2019 issue. Ex-lawman Jim Cole retires to Wyoming to farm his land, but a land-greedy neighbor, an ex-con turned bounty hunter, and a vicious grizzly bear upset his retirement plans. Their jaws can chomp through metal and bone. Feeding human food to a wild animal isn’t just unhealthy for the animal. Instead, bearproof trash cans protect bears from getting into human garbage and signs remind tourists not to feed the wildlife. Finally, Glacier’s leaders were forced to face the truth. Two weeks later, they’d realize how lucky they were to make it out alive. When the bear turned away from Ducat to Helgeson, he ran to a nearby group of campers for help; the bear dragged Helgeson into the woods as she screamed. But the real problem wasn’t the bears. They told their story to the ranger on duty. Then ask them to create a chart comparing the problems that grizzly bears in Glacier National Park faced with those of orangutans in Borneo. If a grizzly was seen near a trail, the trail would be closed. It was starving and had broken glass in its teeth. Nothing could change the tragic events of “the night of the grizzlies,” as that night in August became known. [2], The night of August 12–13 was marked by lightning, which led some to speculate the bears were agitated by the stormy weather. Never before had there been a deadly grizzly attack in Glacier. They hoped the bear would leave. [9]:44, Seasonal residents at Kelly's Camp had reported seeing an "emaciated and scrawny" grizzly bear that was unusually aggressive for food foraging among their garbage in June 1967; the bear had moved on to Trout Lake by August. Cans of spaghetti and chili were torn apart. But the real problem wasn’t the bears. Her front paw was badly torn, likely from broken glass. They would clap and shout as they watched grizzlies fight over leftover hot dogs and chili. This article was originally published in the October/November 2020 issue. Kirkus Reviews called the book "the kind of horror story you can't put down. We are all doing much better, but issues still arise, like the rangers shooting the griz sow and cubs up morning star way a few years ago. Based on the terrifying true events. "Night of the Grizzlies" is a great tale and although written by Olsen nearly 45 years ago, is only slightly outdated. The first people arrived more than 12,000 years ago. The boys were out on the lake, horsing around on a big pile of floating logs. Lastly, “presenters” can present their group’s research to the class. Softcover. Then show the video “. During this time, bears can lose 15-30 percent of their body weight. Hawks peered down from trees. Night of the Grizzlies by Olsen, Jack and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at AbeBooks.com. They prayed the grizzly wouldn’t chase after them. [3], On orders from park management, rangers were armed and told to shoot any bear they found at Trout Lake and Granite Park Chalet. They waited until the bear was distracted. The bears attacked the women as they slept in their tents. John and Steve made it out of the wilderness that night. We have new and used copies available, in 5 editions - starting at $14.20. But Steve and John quickly escaped the honking cars, crowds of hikers, and trash-covered trails. But those events brought about a transformation of Glacier and the rest of America’s national parks. Directed by Adam Pitman. Assign students roles within their group, such as recorder, presenter, timekeeper, and group leader. Night of the Grizzlies (1969) is a book by Jack Olsen which details events surrounding the night of August 13, 1967, when two young women were separately attacked and killed in Glacier National Park, Montana, by grizzly bears. Grizzlies hunt with their noses and can sniff out food a mile away. [13] One specialist at the time calculated the odds were greater than 1 in a million for a single attack but the odds of two separate attacks in a 4 hour time span were beyond measure; these odds were calculated based on the 57-year history of no fatal attacks. They made it to a ranger station. They hoped the bear would leave. Some were the smaller and more common black bears. Night of the Grizzlies: 2 deaths in Glacier National Park led to changes in bear management From the An earthquake, the Confederate fountain, Greg Gianforte.Here are 17 stories from 2017. series Both women, Julie Helgeson, 19, of Albert Lea, Minnesota, and Michele Koons, 19, of San Diego, California, died of their injuries. Back then, tens of thousands of grizzlies lived here. Their knife-sharp claws can tear apart tree stumps. 880 Ratings. And ideas about grizzlies—and humans—would never be the same. Glacier was filled with marvelous creatures like hawks and bighorn sheep. But night after night, the show went on. They usually avoid humans. In these parks, hunting wasn’t allowed. But Steve and John quickly escaped the honking cars, crowds of hikers, and trash-covered trails. For these bears, humans had become a source of food. Directed by Joseph Pevney. (Grizzled means streaked with gray.). Nearly all the rest were chased from their habitats. We’ll send you updates on digital features and tips here throughout the year. Thorough and mindful research is crucial to making sure you get your hands on the best-possible Night Of The Grizzlies. Want to hear this story read aloud by a Storyworks writer? Click here! When they returned to their campsite the next morning, the grizzly was gone. That area was known to be the territory of a sow bear that fed on garbage at Kelly's Camp, a privately-owned facility that predated the establishment of the park, nearby at the north end of Lake McDonald; the bear was characterized as "not quite right" and had previously chased a group of Girl Scouts the week prior to the attacks. Some grizzlies had lost their natural fear of humans and were behaving aggressively. So, here ya go! Finally, Glacier’s leaders were forced to face the truth: It was not heat or fires or lightning that had caused the grizzlies to turn violent. On the evening of Aug. 9, 1967, only four days before the infamous Night of the Grizzlies, Shea, Gildart and two other rangers were visiting Granite Park Chalet. "[16], The narrative pacing and graphic descriptions were said to influence later genre fiction, including First Blood (David Morrell, 1970), The Rats (James Herbert, 1974), and Off Season (Jack Ketchum, 1980). How was it possible that in a single night, two grizzlies had become killers? In the 57 years that had passed since the park’s opening, no grizzlies had ever killed a human within the park. Hours before, Koons and her friends had hiked to Trout Lake, passing a group that warned them about a bear. And so John and Steve didn’t feel afraid on that July evening when they spotted grizzly bears sipping cool water from Trout Lake. They looked over at their campsite. Tens of thousands of the bears were shot and poisoned. Shelving menu. From: The Book Garden (Bountiful, UT, U.S.A.) Seller Rating: Add to Basket US$ 24.00. In Glacier’s 57-year history, there had never been a single deadly grizzly bear attack. After a terrifying 4-mile hike through the darkness, they arrived at a ranger station. This was the skinny bear that John and Steve had seen at Trout Lake. Neither grizzly had been surprised or threatened by people. In Glacier, their favorite treats are chubby little squirrels called marmots. Some grizzlies had lost their natural fear of humans. On August 13, the world woke up to shocking news from Glacier. From the early 1900s through the 1940s in Yellowstone National Park, “lunch counters” were used to lure bears for tourists’ entertainment. But few creatures inspired awe like the grizzly. They hiked 4 miles through the darkness. “The night of the grizzlies was the night that we learned the hard way…how little we knew about grizzlies.” Grizzly bears are at the pinnacle of the animal world, the most powerful omnivores on the continent, but paradoxically in post-World War II America, were too often viewed as … But many of these groups shared a deep respect for bears. They can also listen to the Author Read-Aloud. Have students read the article in the magazine or digitally. This is why John and Steve didn’t feel afraid on that July evening when they spotted grizzly bears. They knew that grizzlies usually stayed away from humans. At campgrounds, picnic areas were set up far away from where people slept. Glacier’s leaders scrambled to give an answer. But it is unusual for a grizzly to use its deadly powers on a human. Normally, a grizzly attacks only if taken by surprise or if it feels threatened. The boys knew something about this bear seemed unusual—and dangerous. Story 5 out of 5 stars. We now offer a self-guided slide deck that students can do independently, which bundles the article, video, and close reading questions together into a highly engaging learning journey. News & Features Lessons From Night of the Grizzlies The unthinkable tragedy that unfolded 50 years ago in Glacier National Park claimed the lives of … They were behaving aggressively. It was the heat, they said. The boys shouted at the bear, hoping that their voices would scare it off. Bighorn sheep perched on rocky cliffs. The attacks were not related; they happened 7 miles apart. They began losing their natural shyness toward humans and moved into busier parts of the park. They moved into busier parts of the park. Yet no action was taken. Hours before, Koons and her friends had hiked to Trout Lake, passing a group that warned them about a bear. But they weren’t frightened. [5]:50 However future events would show grizzly attacks to become more common, as Olson explains, because of increased human presence in wilderness areas and decreased habitat for bears to live in, reaching a critical tipping point in the summer of 1967. In fact, the bears are highly intelligent, with excellent memories. They will eat almost anything but prefer roots and berries. They threw on their boots and ran, praying the grizzly wouldn’t chase after them. Put students in groups, either in your classroom or in virtual breakout rooms. John and Steve made it out of the wilderness that night. America’s first people formed dozens of nations and tribes. Send it to “Grizzlies Contest” by December 1, 2020. Workers would dump leftover food into an outdoor pit. They are shy and usually avoid humans. 17 people found this helpful Overall 5 out of 5 stars. I’m very glad to hear that the result of that terrible night was much better management by the Parks. When the first people arrived, more than 12,000 years ago, tens of thousands of grizzlies lived up and down the western part of the continent. The boys were out on the lake, playing around on a big pile of floating logs. Grizzlies can run up to 35 miles per hour. (If teaching remotely, share your screen as you show it.) Tens of thousands of the bears were shot and poisoned. Night of the Grizzlies (1969) is a book by Jack Olsen which details events surrounding the night of August 13, 1967,[1] when two young women were separately attacked and killed in Glacier National Park, Montana, by grizzly bears. They set up their campsite and fished. Each group had its own languages, customs, and beliefs. Grizzlies have lived in North America for about 50,000 years—far longer than humans have. This is one reason why people started hunting grizzlies. They are North America’s biggest and most powerful animal. In fact, they felt lucky to see one of Earth’s most amazing creatures in the wild. Sadly, it took the tragedy to get us to realize "we, people and our practices" were the root of the bear problem. Access this article and hundreds more like it with a subscription to Storyworks magazine. Each group can focus on a different topic, such as diet, habitat, threats to survival, and conservation. With Clint Walker, Martha Hyer, Keenan Wynn, Nancy Kulp. For everyone involved, it remains an unforgettable night of crisis, intense fear, bravery and, ultimately, grief.
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