Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Note too, that Hippeastrum can also be grown in the ground in temperate areas. Taxonomy. [27] The style is filiform, and the stigma trifid. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. [63], Hippeastrum hybrids and cultivars are valued for their large ornamental flowers, particularly for indoor cultivation during the northern hemisphere winter. × Hippeastrelia is the name given to this cross.[30][52][53][54]. Hippeastrum (group) Back to Previous Page. One mechanism that limits self-pollination is that of self-incompatibility by which seeds are only produced by pollination from other plants. Most of the cut stems are the "large-flowered hybrids", often of obscure parentage, though many are derived from Hippeastrum vittatum (L’Hérit.) 2.0 2.1; Mga sumpay ha gawas The bulbs are generally between 5–12 cm (2"–5") in diameter and produce two to seven long-lasting evergreen or deciduous leaves that are 30–90 cm (12"–36") long and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") wide. Cultivars of Hippeastrum are popular indoor ornamental plants prized for their large brightly colored flowers (including red, pink, salmon, orange and white). English. Mexican Lily (Hippeastrum reginae) in the Amaryllis Database - Garden.org New and Unread Tree-Mails Dates / Origin Date Issued: 1805 - 1816 Place: Paris Publisher: Chez l'Auteur, Impr. Amaryllis reginae Additional title: Hippeastrum Reginae ; Amaryllis de la reine [Mexican Lily] Names Redouté, Pierre Joseph, 1759-1840 (Artist) Collection. In addition, he included many new species being discovered in South America, particularly Chile. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. (awtor)|Herb.]]. An Hippeastrum reginae in uska species han Liliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Herb..An Hippeastrum reginae in nahilalakip ha genus nga Hippeastrum, ngan familia nga Amaryllidaceae. The most common commercial propagation method is referred to as 'twin scales'. Commercially, only cultivars that produce at least three bulbils on the mother bulb are used for this form of propagation. Following Filippo Parlatore in 1845, the name Leopoldia was used for a genus of grape hyacinth species, allied to Muscari. Herbert proposed to call the genus, which he distinguished from Linnaeus' Amaryllis, Hippeastrum, or "knight's-star-lily". Name Language; Mexican lily: English: Propose photo. You'll know this flowering houseplant as either Hippeastrum or Amaryllis. Synonyms; Amaryllis reginae L. Aschamia reginae Salisb. By the early nineteenth century Amaryllis had become a polymorphic (diverse) genus with about 50 species from what we would consider a dozen genera today, and attempts were made to separate it into different genera. [64], Species are generally diploid with 2n=22 chromosomes, but some species, such as Hippeastrum iguazuanum, have 24. [70][71][72][73] A fungal disease attacking Hippeastrum is Stagonospora curtisii (red blotch, red leaf spot or red fire). [70], Of the commercially available Hippeastrum species, sometimes sold as 'exotic' amaryllis, Hippeastrum cybister has extremely thin petals often described as spider-like. [56] Baker both reduced the original number of species of Herbert, but also enlarged the genus by adding in other genera such as Habranthus, Phycella, Rhodophiala and Rhodolirion (also called Rhodolirium, and subsequently moved to Rhodophilia),[57] which he included as separate sections of Hippeastrum. Some species are found as far north as Mexico and the West Indies. They generally have large fleshy bulbs and tall broad leaves, generally evergreen, and large red or purple flowers. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a … [42], At the time both South African and South American plants were placed in this same genus. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as a synonym (record 278264) with original publication details: Amaryllidaceae 139 1837. Linnaeus was aware in 1738 that several species were called Belladonna, but named this one Amaryllis reginae in the Systema Naturae ed. [40] This work commenced in 1819 with the contributions of the English botanist, the Revd. 0. [18] The name Hippeastrum, given to it by William Herbert, means "knight's star", although precisely what Herbert meant by the name is not certain. Common Name: Botanical Latin Name: Family Name Amaryllis Hippeastrum (Amaryllidaceae) Apple; Flowering Apple, Crab Apple: Malus spp. Subsequent care is as for new bulbs, as described above. Amaryllis reginae L. Common Name(s): Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Taxonomic Hierarchy ... Hippeastrum reginae : Source: Tropicos, 2007 - 2010, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 Blooming takes place about two months after planting. [74] The leaves are also eaten by grasshoppers, and grasshoppers commonly plant egg pods in the ground near Hippeastrum bulbs, which erupt in the spring, covering the plant with nymphs. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. This section is empty. [49][50][51], While interspecific hybrids of Hippeastrum are relatively common, hybridization with other genera of Amaryllidaceae are more rare. ... Barbados lily Hippeastrum reginae . [3], The second issue is whether the name should be Leopoldia. This paper sparked a debate over the next half century, that delayed the official transfer of species from Amaryllis to Hippeastrum. Common Names for Amaryllis. Flowers are available in singles, doubles and miniatures. [52], Hippeastrum breeding began in 1799 when Arthur Johnson, a watchmaker in Prescot, England, crossed Hippeastrum reginae with Hippeastrum vitattum, obtaining hybrids that were later given the name Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii' [79] (Johnson's amaryllis, 'hardy amaryllis' or St. Joseph's lily). Overwatering will cause bulb and root rot. Hippeastrum striatum striped Barbados lily Hippeastrum vittatum . Database with pictures, just click this link ! Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. Binomial name; Hippeastrum reginae Herb. Ang mga gi basihan niini. The bulbs are generally between 5–12 cm (2"–5") in diameter and produce two to seven long-lasting evergreen or deciduous leaves that are 30–90 cm (12"–36") long and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") wide. [80][70][81][82] Many new hybrid lines followed as new species were sent to Europe from South America, the most important of which were Reginae and Leopoldii. ... My name is Sandra, I have a wonderful husband, Joe, 3 of the best children ever, 5 dogs and now I am collecting Hippeastrums! 'Dutch Amaryllis', 'South African Amarylllis'. By contrast the generic name Amaryllis applies to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. Seeds Traub & Moldenke Aschamia reginae (L.) Salisb. Dutch bulbs usually produce flowers first, then, after they have finished blooming (hysteranthous), the plant will begin growing leaves. His hybrid was being cultivated in the US by the mid-nineteenth century. Three main methods are used for propagating Hippeastrum: seeds, bulbils and 'twin scales'. Bot. ~San. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus created the name Amaryllis belladonna, the type species of the genus Amaryllis, in his Species Plantarum along with eight other Amaryllis species. [100][101][102] The widely used logo represents a double image of a head and shoulders as the flower of a growing and vibrant plant. gave rise to H. x johnsonii hort.. H. gracilis (not a valid name) is also used.. H. 'Red Lion' most popular cut flower cultivar The leaves are hysteranthous (develop after flowering), sessile (borne directly from the stem or peduncle), rarely persistent and subpetiolate.[19]. For more multimedia, look at Hippeastrum reginae on Wikimedia Commons . Seeds do not breed true. [30][70], Most modern commercial hybrids are derived from the following species:[71]. Each flower is 13–20 cm (5"–8") across, and the native species are usually purple or red. Bare-root bulbs do best planted in a pot only slightly larger than the circumference of the bulb in well-drained, organic mix (such as sterilized potting soil plus coir fiber, or equal amounts of peat moss, sand and humus), with one third of the bulb visible above the surface of the soil and two thirds buried. The Veitch nursery dominated the commercial development of Hippeastrum leopoldii and other varieties up to the early years of the twentieth century, the best of their hybrids setting the standard for modern commercial development. In 1878 he described nine sections of the genus,[55] but by 1888 he included seven subgenera, namely (number of species in parentheses) Habranthus (10), Phycella (3), Rhodophiala (5), Macropododastrum (1), Omphalissa (6), Aschamia (10) and Lais (3), some of which have since been treated as separate genera (Habranthus, Rhodophiala). Bulbs are usually sold in fall for early winter bloom. When foliage starts to yellow, dormancy can be induced by withholding water and placing the plant in a cool 4–13 °C (39–55 °F) dark place for six to ten weeks or until buds start to show. [28][96] One alkaloid isolated from Hippeastrum vittatum (montanine) has demonstrated antidepressant, anticonvulsant and anxiolytic properties. These two examples are not however typical of the genus, which commonly reproduces through allogamy. [67] Pollinators include Humming birds in subtropical areas, and moths.[30]. [28] Their habitat is mainly tropical and subtropical, though those species found south of the equator, or at sufficient altitude may be considered temperate.
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