The Phoenician alphabet originally consisted of a simple writing system consisting of 24 phonemic signs. these names have significance in Phoenician •mnemonic devices – cf. This cut down significantly the number of symbols required to make words. Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Liaison and Folk-Lore Societies, Honorary Correspondt. Phoenician sailors and ships were. By the 8th century, the Phoenician alphabet had evolved from the Old Canaanite into a systematic and linear alphabet. However, the archaic Greek script was neither systematic nor linear. Assyrian Lion and Duck weight inscriptions, Lions 1-8.jpg 2,425 × 1,525; 270 KB. The Phoenician writing system is, by virtue of being an alphabet, simple and easy to learn, and also very adaptable to other languages, quite unlike cuneiform or hieroglyphics. Pages in category "Phoenician alphabet" This category contains only the following page. The invention of the Phoenician Alphabet, the prototype for all alphabets in the world, is the most significant contribution that Lebanon has made to the whole of humanity. Phoenicia was a civilization to the north of Canaan. in the PHOENICIAN ALPHABET The Phoenician alphabet is over 3,000 years old It only has consonants – there is no A, E, I, O or U It always reads from right to left Say your name aloud. Recent excavations on the northern coast of Syria near Latakia discovered the ancient city-state of Ugarit. The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet.The Phoenician alphabet is an abjad consisting of 22 letters, all consonants, with matres lectionis used for some vowels in certain late varieties. Phoenician alphabet definition is - an extinct northern Semitic alphabet used by the Phoenicians of Syria and their Carthaginian colonists from the 13th century b.c. It has helped to make literacy more widespread and made the recording and dissemination of information, culture, and history more efficient. The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, was a non-pictographic consonantal alphabet, or abjad. 'Aleph ( aw'-lef ): In English, it is, at times passed over silently " ' ", the ancient letter looks like an A on its side. The characters of the alphabets closely resemble each other. PDF | The poblem of the origin of the Germanic runes and the runic writing system is considered unsolved. The Phoenician alphabet is the ancestor of all European and Middle Eastern alphabets as well as ones in India, Southeast Asia, Ethiopia and Korea. Asia Minor 3. Table of the Phoenician Alphabet Names of Characters, Phonetics, Derivatives and Modern Equivalents. On whose system of writing did the Phoenicians base their alphabet? Taking into account that money and wealth were factors involved in the matter, many were motivated to learn this system. The Phoenician alphabet is actually an offshoot of the Proto-Sinaitic script. and the immediate ancestor of the Greek alphabet. Mediterranean Sea ANALYZING MAPS 1. approximately 1,500 miles 2. Phoenician: Latin (passed via Etruscans to Roman Alphabet) Sign: Names in Phoenician, Arabic & Hebrew: Meaning: Phone: Latin: History: Aleph: Ox: A laryngeal consonent: A: Around 1700 B.C. Phoenicia existed from 1200 to 900 BC.People from Phoenicia had their own language called the Phoenician language, which is important to many modern languages. The Aryan Origin of the Alphabet, Waddell 1 THE ARYAN ORIGIN OF THE ALPHABET: DISCLOSING THE SUMERO PHOENICIAN PARENTAGE OF OUR LETTERS ANCIENT AND MODERN by L. Austine Waddell LL.D., C.B., C.I.E. The earliest inscriptions from the 8th century reveal local variation. (1) PhoenicianB-01.png 64 × 64; 687 bytes. Phoenician alphabet. Astrological symbol, Phoenician, Hebrew, and Chinese are all rotated 90 degrees counter-clockwise (photo: Sinai inscription 357). Remember to write from right to left! 2. 3 is from the Pococke Kition inscriptions.. History and Geography MAP ACTIVITY 1. Jump to navigation Jump to search. A developed form of script was uncovered in Ugarit which contained a cuneiform alphabet that consisted of thirty signs. They wrote with an alphabet from which the alphabets of Europe evolved.. Phoenicians set up colonies in the Mediterranean region and beyond. 105 Carthage Some Phoenician sailors and traders set up trad-ing posts along the coast of North Africa. [ Markoe (2000) p. 111 ] Phoenician became the widespread form of Proto-Canaanite; previously, the script had been restricted to recording only Canaanite languages . AhiramInscription.jpg 1,669 × 123; 32 KB. The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet.The Phoenician alphabet contains 22 letters, all of which are consonants, and is described as an abjad,  with matres lectionis being used for some vowels in certain late varieties. Though it is generally agreed upon that the Greeks borrowed (and modified) the alphabet from the Phoenicians, there is no consensus about the moment when this took place. Der Inhalt ist verfügbar unter CC BY-SA 3.0, sofern nicht anders angegeben. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. The ancient Hebrew alphabet is called Phoenician or Paleo Hebrew. The Phoenician Alphabet • from Egypt, the alphabet was passed to Phoenicia (eastern Mediterranean seaboard) – letter names: ‘aleph, beth, gimel, daleth, etc. Persian Gulf 3. phoenician hebrew words Official Unicode pdf word converter smartsoft Consortium code chart PDF.Shalam, it is the Ancient Phoenician Hebrew language and you can learn it here on. This Aramaic alphabet eventually turned into modern Arabic. •hence, our word “alphabet” – n.b. Introduction Phoenician, and Proto-Sinaitic are all rotated 90 degrees counter-clockwise (photo: Sinai inscription 357). The Paleo Hebrew will be listed on the left with the Modern Hebrew listed on the right. The most important Phoenician contribution to Western civilization was their writing system that evolved from a North Semitic proto-alphabet. (When written, the vowels were implied.) Tigris and Euphrates 4. Phoenician alphabet. The Phoenician alphabet had 22 letters, each for sound rather than a word or phrase. Phoenician Official Unicode Consortium code chart PDF.Like the Phoenician alphabet, the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet contains 22 letters, all of which are consonants, and. this letter was used to represent alryngeal consonant ('), or glotal stop. In the 9th century BCE the Aramaeans had adopted the Phoenician alphabet, added symbols for the initial "aleph" and for long vowels. Aramaic was modified from the Phoenician alphabet by the Arameans of Damascus and the surrounding regions of Syria. – from this come the Greek names for letters: alpha, beta, gamma, delta, ktl. These colonies soon turned into cities. Aram was a son of Shem (Genesis 10:22). The Phoenician Alphabet. On the Origins of the Alphabet: New Evidence by Brian R. Pellar Boston, Massachusetts Figure 1. Phoenician alphabet, deciphered by Jean-Jacques Barthélemy in 1758. Over the years, several dates have been proposed, ranging from the 14 th to the In the Phoenician alphabet (also called the Proto-Canaanite alphabet) each letter represented a consonant. Then choose the letters that sound like the sounds in your name. The Phoenician alphabet seamlessly continues the Proto-Canaanite alphabet, by convention called Phoenician from the mid 11th century, where it is first attested on inscribed bronze arrowheads. Documentary heritage submitted by Lebanon and recommended for inclusion in the Memory of the World Register in 2005. What truly shows that the Phoenician alphabet is a major contribution to history is that its offspring languages include Arabic, Greek, and Latin due to the widespread use of the alphabet employed by Phoenician traders. Phoenician alphabet. The Unicode Standard 5.0, Section 14.7: Phoenician (PDF; 326 kB) The Unicode Standard 5.0, Code Chart Phoenician (PDF; 67 kB) Alphabet-Vergleichsliste (PDF; 124 kB) (Memento vom 15. Phoenicians were very capable sailors who could sail long distances for long periods. It provided the basis for the Hebrew and Arabic alphabet as well as the Greek alphabet which gave birth to the Latin alphabet which beget the modern alphabet. 2. Introduction The alphabet has often been referred to as one of the greatest inventions of humankind. Phönizisch TTF-Font. The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet.The Phoenician alphabet contains 22 letters, all of which are consonants, and is described as an abjad, with matres lectionis being used for some vowels in certain late varieties. The first two letters of the Phoenician alphabet as the constellation Taurus of the zodiac. Euphrates 4. The Phoenician alphabet is an alphabet (more specifically, an abjad) consisting of 22 consonant letters only, ... official Unicode standards document for Phoenician (PDF file) Free-Libre GPL2 Licensed Unicode Phoenician Font; GNU FreeFont Unicode font family with Phoenician range in its serif face. Colors will vary. By increasing the amount of food they could … Other Phoenicians built colonies, or permanent settlements, in these areas. P. Phoenician alphabet; Media in category "Phoenician alphabet" The following 37 files are in this category, out of 37 total. No.1 is from the Cippi of Melqart, No.2 is from the coins, and No. Mai 2020 um 07:29. After 900 B.C. Juni 2013 im Internet Archive) ISO-Codierung der Buchstaben (PDF; 818 kB) Zuletzt bearbeitet am 17. Their ships were well organized. When the Phoenicians began to use the alphabet as an easy and simple way to follow up their shops, it was exposed to every place they visited.