Effective as of October 1, 2020. Live-in domestic workers must be paid at least the minimum wage for the first 8 hours of work per day. In Canada, the minimum wages are different among the provinces or territories, range from $11.06 per hour in Saskatchewan to $15 per hour in Alberta. $10.05. Visit Job Bank to learn more about prevailing wages throughout Canada. Under the FLSA, non-exempt employees must be paid the minimum wage or higher. May 1, 2018. Minimum Wage Rates in Canada: 1965-2015 September 2015 Page 4 Inter-jurisdictional comparison of minimum wages While minimum wages in Canada range widely across the 13 jurisdic-tions (i.e., ten provinces and three territories), the differences are small. The minimum wage in Canada is still only $12.15 per hour. There are plans for ta … The historical minimum hourly wage rates in Nunavut are: The Labour Standards Act does not apply to trappers and individuals employed in commercial fisheries. It also has the seventh largest GDP in Canada with an economy reliant on manufacturing, agriculture, forestry, fisheries, aquaculture, and tourism. The NS minimum wage will move to $13.10 on April 1, 2021. surveyor’s helper and truck drivers) earn $27.76 per hour; Category D Class workers (e.g. If an employee's wage is below the minimum wage, the employer must top up their payment so that it's equal to or greater than the minimum wage. Your career starts here. Effective as of April 1, 2020. The minimum wage in Canada is set by each province and territory; ranges from C$ 9.95 to C$11.00 per hour. Minimum Wage Newfoundland and Labrador 2020, Newfoundland and Labrador Minimum Wage History, Minimum Wage Exemptions in Newfoundland and Labrador, 10. The minimum wage in Nova Scotia is $12.55 per hour. Liquor Servers A special lower minimum wage for liquor servers exists in some provinces. $12.50. Alberta: $15.00 General Workers $13.00 Student Under 18 (less than 28 hrs/wk when school is in session) British Columbia: $14.60 General Workers $13.95 Liquor Servers: Saskatchewan: $11.45 : Manitoba: $11.90: Ontario: $14.25 General Workers Starting from April 1, 2019, the minimum wage payable to an employee in a category listed in Column I of Schedule A is the greater of the minimum wage per hour listed in this Schedule and the general minimum wage. Effective as of October 1, 2020. The minimum wage rate is the lowest hourly pay that can be awarded to workers, also known as a pay floor. Canada Dec 18, 2019 The minimum wage for workers in the heavy construction sector depends on their job classification. The federal minimum wage for covered nonexempt employees is $7.25 per hour. The minimum wage in Prince Edward Island is $12.85 per hour. The minimum wage in MB is adjusted annually on October 1 based on the inflation rate. $13.10. is $14.60 per hour (as of June 1, 2020). Related: Easy Ways To Get Free Gift Cards. Effective as of June 1, 2020. The Yukon has an estimated population of 41,293 people and its economy is largely based around mining and tourism. In 2010, Canada’s general minimum wage rates vary by province, from a low of $8 in British Columbia to a high of $10.25 in Ontario. The minimum wage in MB is adjusted annually on October 1 based on the inflation rate. General - $11.90 as of October 1, 2020 (up from $11.65). A maximum deduction of $250 per month can apply for room and board. Domestic workers who work less than 12 hours a week and election officials or enumerators appointed under The Elections Act are excluded from minimum wage. Living Wage Canada. Just 20.8% of minimum wage earners are spouses that are working full time. Effective as of April 1, 2020. This amount is in addition to tips or gratuities received. Nearly 60 per cent of minimum wage earners are youths aged 15 to 24, and almost as large a share of them lives with family. Minimum wages are also set and adjusted in different ways: in legislation or regulations; by the government-of-the-day or an independent board; and based on inflation, average wage rates or other economic factors. It also highlights exceptions to the minimum wage, taxes, and how the minimum wage is calculated. Quebec is the second-most populous province in Canada with an estimated 8,552,362 people in the second quarter of 2020. Live-in home support workers are paid a minimum rate of $113.50 per day or part day worked. Ontario Minimum Wage History The minimum wage today is worth 17% less than it was a decade ago. There are also different minimum wages for hunting and fishing guides, and wilderness guides. View for more information. This article covers the current minimum wage in all ten provinces and three territories in Canada. Live-in camp leaders are paid a minimum daily rate of $116.86. For more information about the minimum wage and employment standards in British Columbia, click here. Come-in caregivers are exempt from the minimum wage. In Ontario, students under 18 years of age who work 28 hours or less per week earn a minimum wage of $13.15 per hour. will rise to at least $15.20 on June 1, 2021. The minimum wage in B.C. Historical minimum wage rates in Canada The minimum wage is a basic labour standard that sets the lowest wage rate that an employer can pay to employees who are covered by the legislation. Posted by Enoch Omololu | Published Aug 25, 2020. When employers provide meals and/or accommodation, employee wages may be reduced by up to a certain amount. Employers can choose to pay more than the minimum wage if they wish to. The minimum wage is adjusted annually on October 1 each year relative to the Consumer Price Index. This change represents a 2 per cent increase based on the 2019 Consumer Price Index for Whitehorse plus an additional $0.75. Wages in Canada averaged 19.20 CAD/Hour from 1991 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 27.31 CAD/Hour in April of 2020 and a record low of 13.73 CAD/Hour in January of 1991. Some employees are fully exempt from the Act respecting labour standards including self-employed workers, employees of the Canadian Armed Forces, those in prison, a student employed in a social or community non-profit organization, etc. An increase in the minimum wage occurs on April 1st and is announced in advance in January. His writing has been featured or quoted in The Globe and Mail, Toronto Star, MSN Money, Financial Post, Winnipeg Free Press, Wealthsimple and many other personal finance publications. Otherwise, they may face excess training and hiring costs. Effective as of January 1, 2018. Alberta’s minimum wage over the years are as follows: While all employers must pay a minimum of $15 per hour to their workers, there are some exceptions. to pay for child or spousal support. The minimum wage rate applicable in regard to employees under federal jurisdiction is the general adult minimum rate of the province or territory where the employee is … Minimum wage in the federally regulated private sector 4. Enoch Omololu is a personal finance blogger and a veterinarian. But in 2019, when minimum wage is $15, that rate is no longer competitive, so businesses have to adjust and reevaluate how they assess job value. It is expected to increase to $15.20 per hour by June 1, 2021. 13% of American workers earned the minimum wage … Saskatchewan’s minimum wage is currently the lowest in Canada. The minimum wage rate in the Yukon over the years is as follows: A fair wage schedule sets the wage rates for workers on Government of Yukon public work contracts. According to Statistics Canada, 63 per cent of minimum wage workers in Canada are between the ages of 15 and 24, and of these, 84 per cent live at home with their parents. He has a master's degree in Finance and Investment Management from the University of Aberdeen Business School and has a passion for helping others win with their finances. Adjusted for purchasing power parity (i.e., for the cost of living), Canada’s minimum wage of around $10 falls to around $7.59 U.S., just marginally higher than the U.S. minimum wage. Required fields are marked *. The next increase will see the minimum hourly wage increased to $10.15. Minimum Wage in Canada 2015- 2016: Current And Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates For Experienced Adult Workers in Canada. The federal minimum wage in the United States is US$ 7.25 per hour. Manitoba has the fifth-largest population in Canada with an estimated 1,379,121 people. The average minimum wage in Canada rose by 3.5% yearly from 1998 to 2018. The federal tax brackets and rates in 2020 are: Your taxable income is reduced by various deductions and credits. The regulation in N.W.T. The minimum rates per hour in NWT over the last decade are: NWT’s Employment Standards Act does not apply to students who are employed in a work program as part of their studies. Related: Alberta Tax Brackets and Tax Rates. The minimum wage in Canada varies by the province and territory you reside in. Saskatchewan’s population was estimated at 1,181,987 people in the second quarter of 2020, making it the sixth most populous province in Canada. blaster and roofer) earn $31.20 per hour; Category C Class (e.g. Stakeholder perspective 6. source: Statistics Canada. flag person and labourer) earn $25.19 per hour. NWT has the highest per capita GDP in Canada at $108,065 and its economy is largely resource based. The province that has experienced the highest inflation growth -- at 44.2 per cent in the same timeframe -- is Alberta, which has the highest minimum wage in Canada, at $15 an hour. does not specify that there must be an annual increase. Minimum Wage in Prince Edward Island 2020, Prince Edward Island Minimum Wage History, Minimum Wage Exemptions in Prince Edward Island, 11. The last ten minimum wage increases in New Brunswick are as follows: A different minimum wage schedule applies to workers in crown building construction. Minimum Wage Exemptions in British Columbia, 9. For instance, a small business with a starting wage of $15 per hour was competitive in 2017, when Ontario’s minimum wage was less than $12. 13% of American workers earned the minimum wage in 1980, compared to 2% that do so today. Security Guard - $12.50. Yukon minimum wage As of April 1, 2020 the minimum wage is increased to $13.71 per hour. Further increases are expected in 2021, with a plan to reach $12.65 on October 1, 2021, plus any increases based on the National Consumer Price Index. Communities across Canada are responding to the increasingly high levels of low wage poverty. If board is provided by an employer to an employee, they can deduct up to $0.65 for each meal. A court can order that your wages be garnished e.g. The province has the third-largest total GDP and it has a significant agricultural, oil and gas, and tourism industry. Effective as of April 1, 2020. Federal/Provincial Minimum Wage. For more information about the minimum wage in New Brunswick and applicable legislation, click here. For more details about the minimum wage in Saskatchewan, click here. Minimum Wages in Canada averaged 6.03 CAD/Hour from 1965 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 14 CAD/Hour in 2018 and a record low of 1 CAD/Hour in 1966. The minimum wage in Nunavut is the highest in Canada at $16 per hour. Quebec. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Ontario’s minimum wage rates over the last ten updates are as follows: Some types of employees have minimum wages different from the general rate. Prince Edward Island. British Columbia has an estimated population of 5,120,184 people, making it the third most populous province in Canada. $10.45. Ontario's increased from $11.60 to $14 on Jan. 1, and is set to increase again in 2019 to $15. Shopping bag and single-use plastic regulations across Canada. In Quebec, the minimum wage for all workers who receive tips is $9.45, which is $1.80 less than the minimum wage of general workers, and the minimum wage for liquor servers in British Columbia is $9.60, more than $1 lower than the general minimum wage. Nova Scotia is Canada’s seventh-largest province by population size with an estimated 978,274 people. The minimum wage in Manitoba is one of the lowest in Canada at $11.65 per hour. Employers who provide room and/or board (meals) can deduct up to $4.41 per night of lodging and $3.55 per meal. Can you survive on minimum wage in Canada? $12.50. Related: Best Personal Loans for Bad Credit. To learn about the history of the minimum wage in Québec, consult the table. The minimum wages per hour in Nova Scotia during the last decade are as follows: The minimum wage in Nova Scotia does not apply to real estate and car salespeople, insurance agents, employees on a fishing boat, employees at a non-profit playground or summer camp, some farmworkers, apprentices, and some domestic workers. It’s GDP is also the tenth largest in Canada at $6.652 billion as of 2017. A federal minimum wage remained in effect until 1996, when it was decided that provinces would each set their own minimum wage and federal workers would be paid according to the province in which they did most of their work. Counsellors and program staff at residential summer camps earn a minimum wage as follows: No amount is deducted from these wages for board and lodging. For more information about Manitoba’s minimum wage and employment standards, click here. Ontario is Canada’s most populous province with an estimated population of 14,745,040 people as per Statistics Canada. So how many workers benefit directly from a $15 minimum wage? Some provinces allow lower wages to be paid to liquor servers and other gratuity earners or to inexperienced employees. That’s more than 4 million workers. However, the cost of dry cleaning a uniform made of wool or a heavy material can be deducted even if it causes the employee’s wages to fall below the minimum rate. Related: The Best Cash Back Apps in Canada. The current minimum wage in British Columbia is $14.60 per hour. But if we’re talking about increasing the minimum wage, workers who earn just above that get a raise too. The current minimum wage in Saskatchewan is $11.32 per hour. The odds of a minimum wage worker being able to afford a one- or two-bedroom apartment in just about every city in Canada are next to nil, a new report from an Ottawa-based think-tank says. If you’re earning minimum wage and think you’re at the bottom of the food chain, don’t feel lonely. Other provinces and territories adopted similar measures in subsequent years, and the final minimum wage legislation was enacted in Prince Edward Island in 1960. 2020, Canadian, Federal & Provincial minimum wage tables for calculating payroll. Its economy is largely dependent on mining, oil and gas extraction, agriculture, and the services industry. Each province/territory also has a basic personal amount that reduces or eliminates your provincial income tax. Two years later, Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and Saskatchewan followed suit. Increase to $12.25 coming April 1, 2019. The PEI minimum wage will increase to $13.00 on April 1, 2021. The minimum wage rate in Saskatchewan over the years is as follows: Live-in care providers must be paid at least the hourly minimum wage for the first 8 hours per day. There are a total of 10 job classifications in the heavy construction industry and minimum wages range from $12.75 to $25.25. The lower-end job was the ideal place to learn about the real world, how to … NL’s economy is dependent on natural resources and service industries. The minimum wage in New Brunswick is $11.70 per hour. Wages in Canada increased to 27.08 CAD/Hour in September from 27.03 CAD/Hour in August of 2020. Lowest Minimum Wage in Canada. View 76030 job postings in various locations on Job Bank, Canada's one-stop job board. Its economy ranks number ninth and prominent industries include agriculture, forestry, mining and fishing. Minimum Wage in the Northwest Territories 2020, The Northwest Territories Minimum Wage History, Minimum Wage Exemptions in the Northwest Territories, British Columbia Training and Education Savings Grant, AISH Benefit Application and Payment Dates in 2020, Statutory Holidays in Canada 2020-2021: A Guide to Federal and Provincial Stat Holidays, How To Apply for The CERB $2000 PER MONTH Benefit, Mortgage Life Insurance vs. Life Insurance, Guaranteed Approval Loans for Poor and Bad Credit in Canada, 2021 TFSA Limit, Contribution Room, and Over-Contribution Penalties, Qtrade Review: Top Trading Platform in Canada, $68.20 for borading and lodging each week, April 1, 2020 to March 31, 2021: $440 per week, April 1, 2021 to March 31, 2022: $501.60 per week, Health benefits (insurance) premiums (voluntary). This is what the minimum wage looks like across the country and how it breaks down across the workforce. Sen, Rybczynski and Van De Wall (2011) found a small but statistically significant increase in poverty due to higher minimum wages: a 10% minimum wage increase was found to be significantly associated with a 4%-6% increase in the percentage of families living under Low Income Cut Offs (LICO) in Canada between 1981 and 2004. View for more information. Student Minimum Wage: $13.15 Liquor Server Minimum Wage: $12.20. The minimum wage, the lowest hourly amount that an employee may be paid for their labor, is determined by both state and Federal labor laws in the United States.Under the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act, states and localities are permitted to set their own minimum wage rates, which will take precedence over the Federal minimum wage rate if they are higher. This rate increases to $121.65 per day by June 1, 2021. The minimum wage in B.C. How to Live on Minimum Wage. The previous NDP government raised the minimum wage in Alberta from $10.20 per hour to $15 over a 3-year period (2015-2018). Selected bibliography In this case, they are entitled to the general minimum wage. The rates over the last decade are as follows: The minimum wage for liquor servers is currently $13.95 per hour. Nearly 1.6 million Canadians – that’s about 10% of all salaried employees – took home the lowest hourly wage legally payable to most people. Minimum Wage Updates. Manitoba. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) determines the minimum wage for employees in private and public sectors, in both Federal and State governments. Related: Canada Child Benefit Amounts and Dates. The minimum deduction per month for room and board is $250. Minimum Wages in Canada remained unchanged at 14 CAD/Hour in 2020 from 14 CAD/Hour in 2019. The minimum wage is adjusted on April 1 of each year relative to the Consumer Price Index. Over the years, the minimum wage in Canada … The province has the sixth largest total GDP and its economy is heavily reliant on agriculture, hydroelectricity, natural resources, and manufacturing. The data stands in stark contrast to the narratives pushed by right-wing think tanks and other business groups opposed to minimum wage … The historical minimum wages for Quebec over the last decade are as follows: Employers who are paid on commission or according to yield receive the minimum wage for their category. Visit my website: http://metv.cool If you love my lessons, you could buy me a coffee! The minimum wage in NB is adjusted annually on April 1 relative to the Consumer Price Index. However, despite the fact that there are more minimum wage workers now than there were in 1998, according to Statistics Canada, those who are working in minimum wage now are faring slightly better than their counterparts from 20 years ago. If an employee receives from his employer benefits having a pecuniary value, such as the use of an automobile or accommodations, this must not reduce his wage below the minimum wage rate. The minimum wage rates are subject to change annually. Issue 2. The minimum wage in Ontario will increase on October 1st, 2020 to 14.25 CAD/Hour. The minimum wage in NU is reviewed annually on April 1. $13.10. Get more details about NL’s labour standards here. Unless specified otherwise, minimum wage rates for young workers are the same as for adult workers. In fact, the typical minimum-wage worker is young and lives at home. Welcome to the new economy. The minimum wage in Nfld will return to being adjusted annually on April 1 relative to the Consumer Price Index. May 1, 2020. This non-refundable tax credit means you don’t pay any federal taxes on income below $13,229 in 2020. Issue for the panel’s consideration 7. The government adjusts the amount of the minimum wage twice a year – on 1 January and 1 July – in line with changes in average collectively agreed wages in the Netherlands. Employers who offer their employees room and board may consider up to a designated amount to have been paid as wages. A new study quietly released by Statistics Canada finds that between 1998 and 2018, the percentage of Canadians with minimum wage has doubled, with one-in-three minimum wage workers also holding postsecondary degrees.. Proponents of a minimum wage suggested a $1.25 hourly rate, which was based on what was being implemented across the United States. Canada’s minimum wage was established in 1965 at C$1.25 per hour, though some provinces had established minimum wages at the time that were lower. The minimum wage in Ontario will increase on October 1st, 2020 to 14.25 CAD/Hour. Today, one of its main purposes is to protect non-unionized workers in unskilled jobs, although it can also influence, directly or indirectly, the level of compensation of other employees as well. It is indexed to New Brunswick’s CPI and rounded to the nearest five cents. This table provides a summary comparision of international minimum wage rates with a calculated yearly minimum wage rate for each country in International Dollars, a measure of currency based on the United States dollar in 2009. Nunavut is the largest territory in Canada by land-size and has an estimated 39,486 people (lowest population). It has the fourth largest economy in the country with major industries including agriculture, aerospace, forestry, information technology, mining, tourism, and more. Effective as of April 1, 2018. If they provide lodging, they can deduct up to $0.80 per day. Minimum wage levels by jurisdiction. All employers must pay employees the hourly minimum wage or higher. On July 18, 2019, the U.S. House of Representatives passed an amended version of the Raise the Wage Act of 2019, which would gradually increase the federal minimum wage to … Official title: Information on labour standards - Pamphlet 2 Minimum wages, Part III of the Canada Labour Code (Labour standards) The minimum wage for employees under federal jurisdiction is the general adult minimum wage rate established in each province and … Minimum wage does not apply to employees under 17. Saskatchewan has Canada’s lowest minimum wage, at $11.32 per hour, though this will rise to on 01 October 2020 in line with the Consumer Price Index and Average Hourly Wage. Prince Edward Island (PEI) has the smallest population among the provinces with an estimated 158,717 people. The minimum wage rate in Ontario is currently $14.00 per hour. Manitoba’s minimum pay rates over the last decade are: In Manitoba, the minimum wage of $11.65 applies to all employees regardless of their age, with some exeptions. Assuming a 40-hour workweek and 52 paid weeks per year, the annual gross employment income of an individual earning the minimum wage in Canada is between C$23,545.60 (in Saskatchewan) and C$31,200 (in Alberta). Download printable Canadian Minimum Wage Map. Under the FLSA, non-exempt employees must be paid the minimum wage or higher. Minimum wage rates in Ontario are tied to the Ontario Consumer Price Index. Effective as of April 1, 2020. … New Bunswick has the eight largest population in Canada with an estimated 780,890 people. The minimum wage rate is the lowest hourly pay that can be awarded to workers, also known as a pay floor. For more details about Nunavut’s labour standards, click here. Looking at weekly wages in the table below we see that the highest paid sector by a considerable margin is mining and oil/gas drilling, followed by work in the utilities: water, electricity and telecommunications.. Canada's minimum wage is set by each province and territory; and ranges from ranges from C$10.45 to C$13.00 per hour. Each jurisdication has its own labour laws that determine the minimum pay workers receive, employee rights and working conditions, minimum age to work, overtime rules, trade unions, and more. Minimum Wages in Canada averaged 6.03 CAD/Hour from 1965 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 14 CAD/Hour in 2018 and a record low of 1 CAD/Hour in 1966. Starting on October 1, 2020, the minimum wage is set to increase by 25 cents to $14.25 per hour. Employees who receive tips earn a minimum wage of $10.45 per hour, while raspberry and strawberry pickers receive $3.89/kg and $1.04/kg respectively. In Canada, the minimum wages are different among the provinces or territories, range from $11.06 per hour in Saskatchewan to $15 per hour in Alberta. For more information about NWT’s employment standards, click here. Liquor servers earn a minimum $12.20 per hour, and homeworkers earn $15.40 per hour. Here are the minimum wage rates per hour in PEI showing the last ten raises: An employer who provides boarding and lodging to an employee can deduct the following amounts from their wages: Learn more about the minimum wage order in PEI here. Minimum Wage in Canada 2015-2016. The economy of Nunavut relies heavily on natural resources, fisheries, and tourism. Minimum wage increases in the four Atlantic provinces (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador) come into effect on April 1st each year. Nova Scotia used to have the lowest minimum wage in Canada until the province increased it to $11.55 on April 1, 2019. Starting on October 1, 2020, the minimum wage is set to increase by 25 cents to $14.25 per hour. It is calculated as 4.33 times the standard hours per week if an hourly wage is given. Some wage deductions are illegal in Canada. For more details about Quebec’s minimum wage and employment standards, click here. In cases where an employee is subject to both the state and federal minimum wage laws, the employee is entitled to the higher of the two minimum wages. Here are the current minimum wages by province: By comparison, the United States minimum wage is $7.25 U.S per hour, though a number of states pay higher than that; up to $8.85 for Washington state. The current general minimum wage in Quebec is $13.10 per hour. The first minimum wage rates were established in Canada in the early 20 century and applied primarily to women and children. Employers who provide board and lodging to their employees may deduct from their wages: Learn more about Nova Scotia’s minimum wage and employment standards here. In 2015, the highest rate ($11.49 per hour in the Northwest Territories) People working as an electrician in Canada usually earn between $$17.29/hour and $$44.00/hour. States may also set a minimum, in which case the higher of the two is controlling; some territories are … It also exempts live-in house keepers or babysitters where there is an arrangement in place for the employee to get time off with pay for hours worked in excess of 40 hours per week. If an employee's wage is below the minimum wage, the employer must top up their payment so that it's equal to or greater than the minimum wage. Effective as of April 1, 2018. Nova Scotia: Minimum wage will go up by 1.5 per cent on April 1, 2013. Historical minimum wage rates in Canada The minimum wage is a basic labour standard that sets the lowest wage rate that an employer can pay to employees who are covered by the legislation.