This slug was alive, and able to move. Scientists with the FWC’s Fish and Wildlife Research Institute (FWRI) collect data directly from people who harvest aquatic species, including sea slugs (current data include nudibranchs, sea hares and lettuce slugs), to monitor harvest rates and assess the health of their populations. Left: Lusitanian slug (Arion cf. Return to Results Page for Florida Insects . Some nudibranchs have gills toward the rear, while others have rows of respiratory projections called cerata situated along the body. Welcome to the Marine Species Identification Portal!. To view landings data, view the article Commercial Fisheries Landings in Florida. Florida, including Wakulla County, is home to a wide variety of native plant, animal and fungus species which make up the biosphere. The water is no more than 3 to 5 feet deep, depending on tide. The largest sea hare species (Aplysia vaccaria) can reach a length of 30 inches (750 millimeters) and weigh up to 4 pounds (2 kilograms); it is one of the largest gastropods in the world. Note the respiratory hole situated in the rear part of Limax's mantle shield! 620 S. Meridian St. • Tallahassee, FL • (850) 488-4676 Spotted garden slug, Limax flavus. Florida has only a few terrestrial slug species that are native (indigenous), but some non-native (nonindigenous) species have successfully established here. The moth’s larvae mines the leaves of citrus trees, severely impacting the Florida citrus industry. Nudibranch means "naked gill," which is an apt name because these animals’ gills are external. The colors on the outside of this slug, was different shades of dark brown. Distributi… This insect is an invasive species from South America. They eat sponges, corals, anemones, hydroids, bryozoans, tunicates, algae and sometimes other nudibranchs. Sea hares are herbivores (plant eaters) and are generally found in shallow-water seagrass beds. One species occurs naturally in Florida, and three others have been introduced. It is easy to distinguish slugs from there cousins, the snails, in that they lack an external shell. The Leopard Slug (Limax maximus) Yet another species originally from Europe and North Africa that invades the whole world. Florida scientist stumbles on previously unknown species of egg-sucking sea slug Gustav Paulay was on a field trip to Cedar Key with his University of Florida … The best known classes of molluscs are the Gastropoda (snails and slugs), Bivalvia (clams, oysters, mussels and scallops) and Cephalopoda (squids, cuttlefishes, octopuses and nautiluses). The Spanish Shawl Magnus Kjærgaard, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 2.5 License Their color depends on their diet. Not all predators are deterred by the bright colors, and several animals – such as sea spiders, polychaetes, sea stars and some crabs – target nudibranchs as food. Some sea hares are even capable of releasing a toxic ink, similar to that of an octopus, that acts as visual and scent deterrent, allowing them to escape. Scientists study sea slugs for several reasons. They can also burrow into sediments, leaving only their rhinophores exposed. A few species bypass this free-swimming stage and hatch directly into small, crawling, adult-like juveniles, but that is more characteristic of land snails. On the underside of this slug, the color was medium brown. The leopard slug is present in: North and South America; Asia; South Africa; Australia; New Zealand. Nudibranchs are carnivores and are found in all depths and marine habitats. Leidyula floridana (Leidy, 1851) (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Veronicellidae), also known as Florida leatherleaf slug, has long been known to be a pest of ornamental plants in southern Florida, and of food crops in the Caribbean region. The aim and contents of this portal, as well as the lastest updates, are treated in detail under about this site. Among the most interesting of the molluscs are the snails. Commonly found in St. Augustine grass, they can also be found under rocks, boards, flower pots, greenhouses and even in the hearts of plants such as lettuce or cabbage. Metairie, Metairie, Louisiana. Looking like a cross between a slimy slug and a flattened snake, the New Guinea flatworm has a renowned hunger for snails and the ability to live in just about any environment.
2020 florida slug species