Others believed that he was not a prophet; rather he was a righteous person and a just king. Dhul-Qarnayn (Islam) The ruler who built the wall that keeps Gog and Magog from attacking mankind. According to the best-known meaning of the word, "qarn", in Arabic (that is, horn), Dhu al-Qarnayn means: a person who has two horns. The story of Dhul-Qarnayn (in English "The Two-Horned One"), mentioned in the Quran, is in fact a reference to Alexander the Great. Dhul Qarnayn ( ذو القرنين) is righteous ruler mentioned in the Quran who constructed a wall to hold Gog and Magog. Thus, it is probable that the Jews may have asked the Prophet (s) about a king with whom they were already familiar. Verily We established his power on earth, and We gave him the ways and the means to all ends. A lexicological and philological examination of the word, "qarn", in Semitic languages shows that in Akkadian, Hebrew, and Syriac languages, the word has almost the same meaning as it has in Arabic, that is, horn. At Dhu al-Qarnayn's request the mountain explains the origin of earthquakes: when God wills, the mountain causes one of its veins to throb, and thus an earthquake results. In addition to Cyrus, other Persian kings have also been suggested as possible candidates for the identification of Dhu l-Qarnayn, such as Fereydun, Xerxes I, and Darius III. The rabbis told them to ask Muhammad about three things, one of them "about a man who travelled and reached the east and the west of the earth, what was his story". So (it was). In English, too, the word, "horn", is rooted in the Latin "cornu" which seems similar to the word, "qarn". Either punish or show them kindness.". In his travel to the northern Persia, Cyrus was asked by people there to construct an iron dam over the Darial Gorge, located in the Caucasus Mountains. "If he tells you about these things, then he is a prophet, so follow him, but if he does not tell you, then he is a man who is making things up, so deal with him as you see fit." And on that day we shall let some of them surge against others, and the Trumpet will be blown. : "He of the Two Horns"), also spelled Zu al-Qarnayn, appears in the Quran, Surah Al-Kahf (18), Ayahs 83-101 as one who travels to east and west and erects a wall between mankind and Gog and Magog (called Ya'juj and Ma'juj). The final story in Surah Al Kahf is in relation to Dhul-Qarnayn. The identity of Gog and Magog and the specification of the geographical location of the dam constructed by Dhu l-Qarnayn to obstruct Gog and Magog are key to the identification of Dhu l-Qarnayn. Totally different views have been suggested in this regard. Yet others believed that Khidr was his cousin and was a flag-holder of his army and surpassed him in drinking the Spring of Life. In some cases, Dhu l-Qarnayn is introduced as a prophet and a king, and in some cases, only as a faithful king. Proper noun (Islam) The ruler who built the wall that keeps Gog and Magog from attacking mankind. The main reason for the identification was that Alexander was historically known as a king who conquered different parts of the world, and it seemed that Dhu l-Qarnayn in the Qur'an also conquered different parts of the world. Other people have also been suggested to be identified with Dhu l-Qarnayn, including Alexandrous from Alexandria, Hermes or Herdis, Marzan b. Madraba the Greek, an Egyptian man from the progeny of Yafith the son of Nuh (a), 'Ayyash, and 'Abd Allah b. Dahhak. [32][33] According to Wahb ibn Munabbih, as quoted by Ibn Hisham,[34] King Ṣaʿb was a conqueror who was given the epithet Dhu al-Qarnayn after meeting al-Khidr in Jerusalem. However, there was a disagreement about Dhu l-Qarnayn's prophethood later. These two people were in different periods by about 2000 years. This concept is part of the following classification in the ontology : Concept (root) Living Creation. (He left them) as they were: We completely understood what was before him. This is also a strong argument that Dhul- Qarneyn was the title of Solomon (AS). The Persian Sunni mystic and theologian Al-Ghazali (Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Ghazālī, 1058–1111) wrote of how Dhu al-Qarnayn came across a people who had no possessions but dug graves at the doors of their houses; their king explained that they did this because the only certainty in life is death. He did not support either party of the disagreement, though he believed that there are Quranic verses which might demonstrate Dhu l-Qarnayn's prophethood, and so, he seems to be inclined to the view that Dhu l-Qarnayn was a prophet. There has also been a disagreement in Islamic sources with regard to the historical period in which Dhu l-Qarnayn lived.
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