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LEARNING AND MEMORY Learning- Reflex Learning- Non Associative- Habituation Sensitization Associative- Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Incidental Learning Memory- Physiologically On The Basis Of How Information Is Stored & Recalled Implicit Memory. presence of natural reinforcers such as water, fMRI indicates activity in NA during reinforcing, To strengthen the connections between the neurons, Reinforcement occurs when neural circuits detect, A stimulus that serves as a reinforcer on one, Reinforcement system is not automatically, Reinforcement system appears to be activated by, First DA in VTA responded rapidly when the, Once the animals learn the task, VTA neurons are, If a reinforcing stimulus does not occur when, Berns et al., (2001) increased activity in NA, Activity of these neurons sends a signal that, PFC involved in devising strategies, making, May turn on reinforcement mechanism when it, DA induces synaptic plasticity by facilitating, Includes the establishment and retrieval of, Anterograde Amnesia amnesia for events that, Retrograde Amnesia amnesia for events that, Korsakoffs Syndrome permanent anterograde, Medial temporal lobe damage also produces, Based on extensive work with H.M., Milner, The hippocampus is not the location of LT, The hippocampus is not the site of immediate (ST), The hippocampus is important for converting ST, Consolidation process by which short-term, Visual recognition of incomplete objects (Figure, HM could learn a classically conditioned eyeblink, So, even though amnesics can perform some tasks, Declarative (explicit) Memory memory that can, Nondeclarative (implicit) Memory memory whose, Appear to be automatic, do not require deliberate, Acquisition of specific behaviors and skills, Learning to recognize pictures and objects, Damage to the hippocampus or to regions of the, HIP formation CA fields, DG and SUB major, Outputs of Hip (from CA1 and SUB) also go back to, Perirhinal Cortex region of limbic cortex, Parahippocampal cortex region of the limbic, Hip also receives subcortical input via the, Fornix carries dopaminergic input from VTA, Fornix also connects the HIP with the mammillary, HIP not really important for STM or LTM but seems, HIP receives input from sensory and motor cortex, Hippocampus is involved in modifying memories as, Anterograde amnesia is usually accompanied by, The duration of the retrograde amnesia related to, Damage limited to hipp retrograde amnesia, Damage to hipp entrorhinal cortex retrograde, Damage to MTL spared memories from early life, Gradual process controlled by hipp transforms, Before transformation is complete, hipp is, Later, retrieval of memories can occur if hipp, Episodic Memory memory of a collection of, Semantic Memory memory of facts and general, Do not include information about the context in, Episodic memory must be learned all at once, Semantic Memory - can be acquired gradually, Semantic Dementia loss of semantic memories, Difficulty understanding the meaning of words, Memory for spatial information used to move, Damage to (right) HIP causes spatial memory, London taxi drivers have bigger HIP than control, Place Cells special neurons in the hippocampus, Spatial Strategy maze learning strategy based, Response Strategy maze learning strategy based, People who tend to use spatial strategies, People who tend to follow response strategies, Relational Learning in Laboratory Animals, Damage to the hippocampus animals swim in what, Hippocampal lesions disrupt navigation in homing, Hippocampus of birds and rodents that store seeds, Found in dorsal hippocampus in rats (corresponds, fire at a high rate when the animal is in a, fire at a low rate when the animal is in a, Mice trained in water maze inactivate HIP with, A process of consolidation of a memory that, Injection of anisomycin (blocks protein synthesis, When rats learn mazes, strength of population, Mutations targeted at NMDA receptors in CA1, Poor spatial learning on Morris water maze, New neurons can be produced in the hippocampus of, Easier to establish LTP with these new neurons. CrystalGraphics 3D Character Slides for PowerPoint, - CrystalGraphics 3D Character Slides for PowerPoint. - Questions about Memory Do we learn only with intention or also without intention? If so, share your PPT presentation slides online with PowerShow.com. Neuro Beast maximize focus, support better memory & cognition, Reduce mental fatique, may enhance mood & reduce stress. Learning. Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over 1000 impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. Storing Maintaining the encoded information in memory. Look at your brain health and cognition with our short and fun memory test. Learning requires the storage and retrieval of information. Learning is the process of acquiring new information about the world. View 04 CNS IV F20 upload.ppt from SCIENCE biology at West Haven High School. - Human Learning Processes Memory Retained information Intelligence= recalled information Prediction of what will happen Memory Memory Memory Memory Memory Practical ... | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view. - Learning English while Doing Art Rebekah Sidman-Taveau, ESL Coordinator/Lecturer, SFAI Myths To improve your English: you must receive systematic instruction in a ... - Chapter 6 : Memory Michael L. Farris Psychology 101 Memory Short Term Memory: Temporary Storage of Information (P.196-197). And theyâre ready for you to use in your PowerPoint presentations the moment you need them. PowerPoint Presentation - MEMORY Author: Cyndi McDaniel Last modified by: Psychology Department Created Date: 9/27/2002 1:41:21 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company: Northern Kentucky University Other titles: Boasting an impressive range of designs, they will support your presentations with inspiring background photos or videos that support your themes, set the right mood, enhance your credibility and inspire your audiences. Permissions. Activation of terminal button releases glutamate, If the membrane was depolarized by a dendritic, CAM-KII travels to the postsynaptic density and, LTP also initiates changes in synaptic structure, The entry of calcium also activates NO synthase, This produces NO which diffuses out of the, The NO may then trigger chemical reactions that, Long-lasting LTP also requires the synthesis of, Low-frequency stimulation of the synaptic inputs, Long-Term Depression (LTD) also plays a role in, long-term decrease in the excitability of a, Like LTP, requires activation of NMDA receptors, LTD involves a decrease in AMPA receptors, Some forms of LTP do not involve NMDA receptors, For example, mossy fiber input from dentate gyrus, Presynaptic changes only no alterations in, Primary visual cortex receives information from, Ventral Stream pathway of information from the, Dorsal Stream pathway of information from the, Evidence for the involvement of lateral nucleus, Changes in the LA responsible for CER learning, Injection of drugs that block LTP into the, CER training (tone-shock pairings) causes AMPA, Infusion of many drugs into the LA that prevent. PLAY. The author does an excellent job of building up concepts and guiding the reader through quite complex theoretical ideas without over-burdening them with jargon. Best Nootropics Supplements For Memory | Beastsports, - When it comes to nootropic supplements Neuro Beast is most widely used supplement. View MARK 310 ppt6.pptx from MARK 310 at Grant MacEwan University. 1 How does the field of educational psychology inform or impact your teaching? There are 3 main processes involved in human memory: Encoding Transforming information into a form that can be stored in memory. Multi-page PowerPoint (.ppt) files may not be supported; one slide per file is acceptable. 1 How does the field of educational psychology inform or impact your teaching? It is the authorâs responsibility to obtain permission from the publisher to reproduce, modify, or adapt any previously published figure or table for use both in print and online in Learning & Memoryâ¦ Memory is related to learning but should not be confused with learning. Used with permission.) The memory subsystem that allows for ... Chapter 9 LEARNING: Principals and Applications. PPT â Chapter 3 Learning and Memory PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6fd329-ZDU5Z, The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content. Learning and Memory. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. MemoryMemory Def It is the ability of the brain to store information and recall it at later time Capacity of the brain: It is limited (total capacity of brain is 3x 108 bits) So, informations entering brain are either; A.Selected and stored (1%) â most important B.Other (99%) â are neglected and forgotten acquisitions of such representations. Or use it to find and download high-quality how-to PowerPoint ppt presentations with illustrated or animated slides that will teach you how to do something new, also for free. If weak synapses are active by themselves, However, if the activity of strong synapses, If some synapses then become active, Ca will, What is responsible for the increase in synaptic, Dendrites on CA1 neurons contain 2 types of, AMPA Receptors ionotropic glutamate receptor, CaM-KII type of calcium-calmodulin kinase, an, Nitric Oxide Synthase enzyme responsible for. Medial temporal lobe. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. Learning and Memory MM Tech PU â 2020 Learning It is important to understand how â¦ Chapter 3 Learning and Memory By Michael R. Solomon Consumer Behavior Buying, Having, and Being Sixth Edition â A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 6fd329-ZDU5Z Learning and Memory 1. â¢ If learning brings about changes in âsynaptic strengthâ within neuronal circuits, the persistence of these changes represents the way memories are â¦ - Working Memory Sensory Memory Working Memory Long-term Memory Encoding Retrieval Encoding Events ... (LTP) refers to synaptic enhancement after learning (Lynch ... | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view. Conditional Stimulus (CS) stimulus, which when, Conditional Response (CR) response to the, hypothesis proposed by Donald Hebb that the, Instrumental Conditioning (Operant conditioning), learning procedure whereby the effects of a, Reinforcing Stimulus appetitive stimulus that, Punishing Stimulus aversive stimulus that, CC involves an association between 2 stimuli, OC, OC is considered more flexible because it permits, Involves learning the relationships among, Includes the ability to recognize objects through, Involves learning the relative location of, Remembering the sequence in which events occurred, Electrical stimulation of circuits within the, Primary input to the HF comes from the EC, Axons of EC neurons pass through the perforant, From these cells, the mossy fibers project to the, From CA3, Schaffer collaterals project to CA1, The 3 synapses know as the trisynaptic loop, A stimulating electrode is placed in the PP and a, A single pulse of electrical stimulation is, Population EPSP is the evoked potential that, LTP can be induced by stimulating the PP axons, Can be induced in other parts of the HF and in, Can be induced in slices and in living animals, Associative Long-Term Potentiation long-term, Nonassociative LTP requires an additive effect, Series of pulses delivered at high rate will, Same of pulses given at slow rate will not, Rapid rate of stimulation causes EPSPs to summate, Rapid stimulation depolarizes the postsynaptic, Depolarization of the postsynaptic membrane, NMDA Receptor specialized ionotropic glutamate, Calcium ions enter the cells through channels, AP5 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoate, a drug that, Need glutamate depolarization.but how do, Dendritic Spike action potential that occurs in, Only occurs when action potential is triggered in, Backwash of depolarization across cell body, Whenever the axon of a pyramidal cell fires, all, Simultaneous occurrence of synaptic activation, Magee and Johnston (1997) injected individual CA1, When individual synapses became active at the, Size of EPSPs produced by these activated, TTX (blocks Na current) injected near dendrite, Role of NMDA receptors in Associative LTP.