New York City Watershed Program. & Bugmann, H., eds. 1995. produced foodstuffs: also called appellation of origin, Cheese production in the Beaufort Valley, France, Tools which capitalize on value addition from environmentally benign biodiversity (United States), are more difficult to quantify. The mechanisms share three critical features: they estimate and capture full cost values for a range of mountain resources; they identify clear ownership, rights and responsibilities; and they introduce economic incentives so that solutions are introduced and implemented by stakeholders and are sustainable over the long term. Sherpas: reflections on changes in Himalayan Nepal. Agriculture, NINTH SESSION: 2001Sectoral theme. The mechanisms share three critical features: they estimate and capture full cost values for a range of mountain resources; they identify clear ownership, rights and responsibilities; and they introduce economic incentives so that solutions are introduced and implemented by stakeholders and are sustainable over the long term. How do you develop strategies? This may be organized in conjunction with an International Year of Mountains, which has been proposed by the Government of Kyrgyzstan. In B. Messerli & J.D. According to the UNGASS final document, all countries are expected to have prepared national strategies for sustainable development by 2002, involving all interested parties and integrating economic, social and environmental objectives. Each of the intergovernmental and NGO consultations presented a different set of recommendations and priorities, and others were included in the state-of-knowledge review Mountains of the world: a global priority which was prepared for UNGASS (Messerli and Ives, 1997). the need for national policy development and implementation to ensure sustainable patterns of consumption and production in tourism (paragraph 68). Environmental and natural resource economics. In either case, once the full resource value is established, mechanisms can often be employed to acquire this value and redirect it from downstream users to mountain communities. However, not all resources can be privatized and individual ownership can lead to destructive and unsustainable uses. These terms have been the subject of criticism, but they remain commonly used in many circles, including among international investors and international organizations. A business plan is a tool that provides communication, management and planning information to investors, employees, local communities and business owners (see reference 1). Therefore, a critical step in motivating conservation and sustainable use is to understand existing patterns of ownership in order to define more clearly the relationship between stakeholders and mountain resources. Mountains of the world: a global priority. Brugger, G. Furrer, B. Messerli & P. Messerli, eds. In economic terms, public goods are defined as those from which other users cannot be excluded and whose consumption by one individual or group does not diminish the amount available for others (Tietenberg, 1996). Krippendorf, J. El desarollo sostenible de montañas en América Latina. Developing countries are countries with economies that have a low gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and rely heavily on agriculture as the primary industry. It is an approach that seems justified when looking at the prosperity that tourism development has brought to many alpine villages. Despite the inherent difficulties, there are case studies demonstrating that economic valuation is feasible, and that redressing the imbalance in mountain resource investment requires identifying and, where possible, quantifying these values. It was shown that conservation, which ensures protection of the watershed, constitutes the "highest and best use" of the area. Moreover, all immigrants—regardless of status—will contribute approximately $80,000 more in taxes than government services used over their lifetime. Even more important, without adequate empowerment and control, they may be unable to prevent overexploitation by others. However, with this "ownership" should come a set of responsibilities to the interconnected resources, even those that have not been clearly defined. IDENTIFYING AND VALUING MOUNTAIN RESOURCES. Mountains are landforms which rise for over 600 meters than the surrounding land area. For example, the cost of cutting a forest must include the full economic value of the trees, plus the relinquished benefits of clean air, pure water, wildlife habitat and other non-tangible values derived from that forest ecosystem. in the Alps. E-mail sent to the Mountain Forum electronic conference. Ives, eds. In fact, the real losses over time extend to global populations. Mountains can also be hard to climb or may have ice or snow or glaciers that make travel dangerous. The most powerful thing you can … Backmeroff, C., Chemini, C. & La Spada, P., eds. of globally significant natural resources, National Trust Fund for Protected Areas, Peru, Money invested by local community or organization to provide a long-term It was therefore assumed that sustainability would be achieved through strategies which reverse the flow of benefits and provide an equitable share to mountain people as an incentive for continued stewardship. Until now, the mountain agenda has largely been set by a relatively small number of active regional and national governments (and their agencies), international organizations, scientists and NGOs at various levels. Differences in training levels is a significant factor that separates developed and developing countries. 1997. Synthesis of a Mountain Forum electronic conference in support of the Mountain Agenda. These include pyramidal peaks, knife-edge arêtes, and bowl-shaped cirques that can contain lakes. Mountains of the world: water towers for the twenty-first century. Do you effectively manage the most limited resources in your life? As a result of the complexity of mountain resources and the limitations of traditional pricing approaches, the resource value is typically not reflected in the product price. They stretch across the western and southern part of the continent in a broad arc.The mountain range starts near the Mediterranean Seaon the border between France and Italy. Poverty Stoplight is currently being used in 18 countries in Latin American, Africa and Asia, with the private sector showing interest in … Sustainable Mountain Development is also the subject of Chapter 13 of Agenda 21, which notes that mountains are an important source of water, … Introduction to mountains: Mountains can be explained as landforms that rise well above the surrounding land for a limited area in the form of a peak. 1993. Networks such as the Mountain Forum will have a clear role to play in such initiatives. Price, M.F., Moss, L.A.G. To create a low inflationary framework, it requires: 1. Anyone can learn to be a coach. The problem for New York City has been a concern about a potential decrease in the quality of its water owing to runoff from barnyards (paddocks) and faulty sewage treatment systems upstream. Becker, A. However, in order to move closer to sustainable mountain development, clear prioritization of activities is needed. E.g. Then economic development can be achieved by enlarged economic scale and optimized economic structure. Each year, one sectoral theme, one cross-sectoral theme and one economic sector or major group are to be addressed. The most successful plans are understandable to your key stakeholders and economic development officials. Kathmandu, ICIMOD. 112. Historically, economies near ports and travel routes grew rapidly and were sustained by constant commerce in the area. products, Hindelang Nature and Culture Programme, Bavaria Ecotourism marketing 1996. Studies such as this help to quantify the value of mountain resources and to turn attention to the social and environmental costs of their use (SNEP, 1996). Communication and Outreach: Develop a strong communication strategy so that your project results can be shared with a large audience. New York, USA and Carnforth, UK, Parthenon Publishing Group. develop the Stay Independent brochure. Progress in theoretical and applied mountain research, 1973-1989, and major future needs. Mountains can be very difficult to cross. Addis Ababa, International Livestock Research Institute. This may lead to a conclusion that conservation is the most efficient resource "use"; or alternatively, it may reveal the benefits of balancing resource extraction with the maintenance of existing environmental assets. With the advent of new technologies, population increase and development pressures, the magnitude of these resource outflows has increased dramatically. E-mail address: [email protected], Jodha, N.S. The landforms have social, ecological, historical, political, and religious signific… Financial resources, trade and investment, economic growthEconomic sector/major group. Water from mountains is also used to generate hydroelectric power. Mountain Agenda: environmentally sustainable and equitable development opportunities. Barthlott, W., Lauer, W. & Placke, A. Obviously, the fewer resources an average family uses, the lower the nation’s ecological footprint. Ways # 2. Many rural communities and small towns are facing challenges, including rapid growth at metropolitan edges, declining rural populations, and loss of farms and working lands.Slow-growing and shrinking rural areas might find that their policies are not bringi…