The Mission of The Orthodox Church in America, the local autocephalous Orthodox Christian Church, is to be faithful in fulfilling the commandment of Christ to “Go into all the world and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit…” The Authority of the Pope: Unlike Catholics, Orthodox Christians reject the authority of the pope as Christ's representative on earth. Holy Communion: Partaking in the Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ, under the Form of Bread and Wine. To the Orthodox Church the pride of ancient Byzantine Crosses, and the intense meaning of every symbol are more than a mere picture. Christianity was void of denominations up until the 11th century, however as a result of the ‘Great Schism’ the Christian church was divided into the Eastern Church and western church. Here are five ways Eastern Orthodox differs from other Christian denominations: 1. Will return. 2 main branches are: Eastern and Oriental. The Orthodox observance of Christmas contrasts considerably from Western customs. Death of Jesus: Death by crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension to heaven. However, there are key differences between Orthodox Christianity and other Christian denominations. His Holiness Orthodox Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia Cyril has received Ethiopian Patriarch Abunoi Matfiem. It is the story of their faith and heritage. Although Orthodox Christians also have an Advent season, which on the Gregorian calendar goes from Nov. 15 to Dec. 24, it is a time of fasting and performing deeds of charity. The western church was the original (Catholic) church while the Eastern Church came to be known as Orthodox Church. The Armenian Church is a self-governing body within the Oriental Orthodox Church. Both break off into further branches, such as Greek(Eastern), Coptic(Oriental), etc. ), Orthodox (Greek orthodox, Russian orthodox). 2 Gregorian Calendar Pope Gregory XIIII initiated the reform of the Julian calendar in 1582 when he noticed that Easter had drifted 10 days away from its initially agreed upon date in 325 A.D. by the First Council of Nicaea. Orthodox churches in countries such as Russia, Serbia and Macedonia continue to use the Julian calendar. Orthodox vs Protestant Christian. Other churches within the same communion include the Coptic, Ethiopian, and Syrian Orthodox Churches, collectively known as “non-Chalcedonian churches” as they do not follow the decision of the Council of Chalcedon regarding the two natures of Christ. The Orthodox Church in America. Orthodox Ethiopians are more likely than Orthodox Christians in Central and Eastern Europe to wear religious symbols (93% vs. median of 64%), to say they believe in God with absolute certainty (89% vs. 56%), to fast during holy times such as Lent (87% vs. 27%), and to tithe (57% vs. 14%). Orthodox Christianity versus Orthodox Judaism comparison chart; Orthodox Christianity Orthodox Judaism; Practices: Baptism: New Birth in the New Covenant with God. Roman Catholics, independent Catholics, Protestants (Anglicans, Lutherans etc. Eastern Christianity is a broad term that encompasses the Christian traditions found in the Balkans, Eastern Europe, Asia Minor, Africa, the Middle East and parts of the Far East.